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Cyber crime refers to any crime that involves a computer and a network, where the computers may or may not have played an instrumental part in the commission of the crime. Issues surrounding this type of crime have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, child porn, and child grooming. There are also problems of privacy when confidential information is lost or intercepted, lawfully or otherwise.
Computer crime may be divided into one of two types of categories: (1) crimes that target computer networks or devices directly; (2) crimes facilitated by computer networks or devices, the primary target of which is independent of the computer network or device.
Examples of crimes that primarily target computer networks or devices would include:
Examples of crimes that merely use computer networks or devices would include:
Some of the aspects of cyber crime are:
Computer fraud is any dishonest misrepresentation of fact intended to let another to do or refrain from doing something which causes loss. Altering computer input data in an unauthorized way. Altering, destroying, suppressing, or stealing output data, usually to conceal unauthorized transactions, deleting stored data.
Obscene or offensive content
The content of websites and other electronic communications may be distasteful, obscene or offensive for a variety of reasons. In some instances these communications may be illegal.
Harassment directs obscenities and derogatory comments at specific individuals focusing for example on gender, race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation. This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties.
Cyber terrorism in general, can be defined as an act of terrorism committed through the use of cyberspace or computer resources. Hacking activities directed towards individuals, families, organised by groups within networks, tending to cause fear among people, demonstrate power, collecting information relevant for ruining peoples’ lives, robberies, blackmailing etc.
Who can be Cyber Criminal
Eight types of cyber-criminals, distinguished by their skill levels and motivations.