Archive for April 24, 2010


hi dear ones,

The Benefits of Yoga

swami-ramdev

The benefit of yoga practice goes far beyond the actual time you spend in the poses. One of the most common reasons why people begin practicing yoga is to improve their health and well-being.

Yoga means union. It is a union of the mind, body and breath, so all aspects of your life are impacted by your practice.

A major benefit of yoga is physical.

Yoga improves your flexibility. – The stretching that you engage in during every practice helps lengthen and stretch muscles, which helps reduce the risk of injuries.

It helps to improve your balance. – The majority of yoga practices include some type of balancing in the poses. A significant number of people, especially as they began to get older, start to have problems with balance, which can lead to major injuries due to falls. By having a greater sense of balance, you are able to move more easily and safely.

Yoga can help reduce pain. – Tense muscles often contribute to pain. Relaxing muscles helps to minimize muscle tension and the pain that is associated with it. Also, breathing deeply into muscles helps lessen pain by altering your perception of it.

It tones your muscles. – Yoga works all the muscles in your body. It helps strengthen and tone them and also builds endurance and stamina.

It helps to increase your level of energy. – Carrying tension in your body takes an enormous toll on your energy reserves. By learning how to relax through your yoga practice, you benefit by enjoying higher levels of energy so you can more thoroughly enjoy your daily activities.

Yoga helps promote a sense of relaxation.- Most people breathe high in their chests. This not only does not allow them to get sufficient oxygen, it also triggers the stress response, which contributes to feelings of anxiety. Breathing deeply as practiced in yoga, helps relax your muscles and also brings much needed oxygen to your cells. The deep sense of relaxation also leads to better quality sleep.

Each yoga practice ends with some type of relaxation. Since your body and mind are one, by relaxing your body you also relax your mind. Many yoga experts believe that a relaxation pose is the most beneficial pose in any yoga practice.



Another benefit of yoga is mental.

Yoga clears your mind and helps you focus your attention. – During your practice, you are focusing your attention on your breath and turning inward. This concentration allows you to withdraw from the distractions in your environment. A significant benefit of yoga practice is that you can take this ability to focus your attention into every aspect of your life.

You can be fully present with whatever you are doing instead of worrying about tomorrow or regretting yesterday. Not only will your actions be more productive, you can also enjoy them in a greater way.

Yoga helps reduces stress.- Deep breathing helps reduce the hormones that are released when you are feeling overwhelmed, overloaded, and frazzled. The internal focus that accompanies the poses helps create a relaxation response in your body.

Yoga can help release stuck emotions.- Often stuck emotions find their way into our bodies. Remember, your mind and body are one, and if you are suppressing any painful emotions, you will often experience that as pain in some part of your body. A benefit of yoga is that by breathing deeply into places in your body that hold tension, you can help release the emotions that may be buried there. You can then examine these emotions and let go of those that do not serve you.

Also, as you take your body past the limits of where it has been, you start to feel that you can move past other limitations in your life as well.

You gain a sense of peace and tranquility. – Most yoga practices include some time for meditation. Regular meditation helps your mind reach a state of inner calm. It helps you gain control over your thinking instead of being at the mercy of wayward thoughts.

As you can see, the benefit of yoga has far reaching effects in every area of your life. Maintain a regular yoga practice, and you will see for yourself, how yoga can benefit you too.

hi dear ones,

World’s First Digital Camera (1975): Created by Kodak’s engineer Steve Sasson

In December 1975, Kodak engineer Steve Sasson invented something that would, decades later, revolutionize photography: the world’s first digital camera. It was the size of a toaster, and captured black and white images at a resolution of 100×100 – or 0.01 megapixels in today’s marketing terminology. The images were stored on cassette tape, taking 23 seconds to write. The camera uses an ADC from Motorola, a bog-standard (for the 1970s) lens from a  Kodak movie camera, and a CCD chip from Fairchild Semiconductor – the same technology that digital cameras still use today. To playback the images, a special computer and tape reader setup (pictured below) was built, outputting the grainy images on a standard TV. It took a further 23 seconds to read each image from tape.

World’s First Motel (1925): Motel Inn

Motel Inn in San Luis Obispo, California, is the world’s first motel. It was built in 1925 by LA architect Arthur Heineman, who coined the term motel  meaning “motor hotel.” Motel Inn was originally called the Milestone Mo-Tel. Back then, one night stay was $1.25. Heineman couldn’t afford the trademark  registration fee, so his competitors were able to use the word “motel.” The motel is still in operation today.

World’s First Album Cover (1938): Smash Song Hits by Rodgers and Hart

Before Alex Steinweiss, then a 23-year-old designer, invented album covers in 1938 for Columbia Records, albums were sold in plain brown wrappers. The album “Smash Song Hits by Rodgers and Hart” was the very first album cover in the world.

World’s First Novel (1007): Tale of Genji

More than a thousend years ago, on 1007, a Japanese court lady put the finishing touches on what is considered the world’s first novel. Spanning 75 years,  more than 350 characters, and brimming with romantic poems, the “Tale of Genji” tells the story of an emperor’s son, his quest for love, and the many women  he meets along the way. It is attributed to the Japanese noblewoman Murasaki Shikibu.

World’s First Web Server and Web Site (1990): a NeXT computer at CERN

Info.cern.ch was the address of the world’s first-ever web site and web server, running on a NeXT computer at CERN. The first web page address was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html, made by Tim Berners-Lee.

World’s First Motorcycle (1885): Daimler’s “riding car”

The First Motorcycle was designed and built by the German inventors Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Bad Cannstatt (Stuttgart) in 1885.  It was essentially a motorised bicycle, although the inventors called their invention the Reitwagen (“riding car”). It was also the first petroleum-powered vehicle.

World’s First X-Ray (1895): Röntgen’s wife hand

In 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, professor of physics the University of Wurburg in Germany, was doing experiments with electrical discharges in  evacuated glass tubes. Late in 1895 Wilhelm Röntgen was alone at night doing his experiments, this time in the dark and noticed a glow was produced  on the wall, which he knew was not caused by fluorescence or visible light. He named these new, unidentified rays ‘X’ or if you prefer; X-rays.  After several months of playing with his discovery he noticed that objects place in the path of the rays cast shadows and created images on the wall. Soon after he used a photgraphic plate and had his wife, Frau Röntgen, place her hand in the path of the X-rays, creating the world’s first X-ray picture.  In 1901 Wilhelm Röntgen was awarded the very first Nobel Prize in Physics for this discovery.

World’s First Computer Mouse (1964): by Douglas Engelbart

The world’s first computer mouse was made by Douglas Engelbart in 1964, it consisted of two gear-wheels positioned perpendicular to each other — allowing movement on one axis. Ergonomic shape, great button placement — and it’s made of wood.

World’s First Skyscraper (1885): Home Insurance Building in Chicago

Considered to be the first skyscraper in the world due to the building’s unique architecture and unique weight bearing frame, the Home Insurance Building  was built in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois and demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building (now the LaSalle National Bank Building).  It was the first building to use structural steel in its frame, but the majority of its structure was composed of cast and wrought iron. It was the first tall building to be supported, both inside and outside, by a fireproof metal frame. It had 10 stories and rose to a height of 138 feet (42 m) high.

World’s First Concept Car (1938): Buick

Designed in 1938 by the famous General Motors designer Harley Earl, the Buick Y-Job is considered by most to be the first concept car. The car had power-operated hidden headlamps, “gunsight” hood ornament, wraparound bumpers, flush door handles, and prefigured styling cues used by Buick until the 1950s.

World’s First MP3 Player (1998): MPMan 32MB

Released in 1998, the Eiger Labs MPMan was the world’s first MP3 player, boasting 32MB of internal memory — expandable to 64MB. Available in F10 or F20 models, the latter boasting SmartMedia compatibility, this player set you back a mere $69 + shipping. It measures a slim 91 x 70 x 16.5 mm.

World’s First Crossword (1913): Arthur Wynne’s Invention

In 1913, Arthur Wynne had the job of devising the weekly puzzle page for Fun, the eight-page comic section of the New York World, a major newspaper  of the time. When he devised what he called a Word-cross for the Christmas edition, published on 21 December, he could have no idea that he would be starting a worldwide craze.

World’s First Microprocessor (1971): Intel 4004

In November, 1971, a company called Intel publicly introduced the world’s first single chip microprocessor, the Intel 4004 (U.S. Patent #3,821,715), invented  by Intel engineers Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stan Mazor. After the invention of integrated circuits revolutionized computer design, the only place to go was down

— in size that is. The Intel 4004 chip took the integrated circuit down one step further by placing all the parts that made a computer think (i.e. central processing unit, memory, input and output controls) on one small chip. Programming intelligence into inanimate objects had now become possible.

World’s First Magazine (1731): The Gentleman’s Magazine

The Gentleman’s Magazine, first published in 1731, in London, is considered to have been the first magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentleman’s  Magazine under the pen name “Sylvanus Urban”, was the first to use the term “magazine”, on the analogy of a military storehouse of varied materiel, originally derived from the Arabic makazin “storehouses”. It ceased publication in September, 1907.

World’s First Photograph (1826): “View from the Window at Le Gras”

Centuries of advances in chemistry and optics, including the invention of the camera obscura, set the stage for the world’s first photograph.  In 1826, French scientist Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, took that photograph, titled View from the Window at Le Gras at his family’s country home.  Niépce produced his photo—a view of a courtyard and outbuildings seen from the house’s upstairs window—by exposing a bitumen-coated plate in  a camera obscura for several hours on his windowsill.

hi dear ones,

Top Best Car Engines



Car engine is the heart and soul of every car without which no car can be driven. It is a big confusing clutter of metals, tubes, and wires that work in tandem to produce power to run the car. Usually cars are equipped with front-mounted engines but there are few cars in which the engine is either mid-mounted or rear-mounted. The position, displacement, and the type of component in the engine actually affect the performance of the car. If the engine has the best of technologies mated to high quality components, it delivers impressive performance and fuel efficiency.

Car engines are mainly classified based on the power they generate, technologies they equip, and types of components they use. These factors make few engines better than the others.

Explained below are 10 best car engines:

Rover K-Series

Rover engineers developed a light weight engine called K-series in 1988 which received a lot of appreciation for its innovative technology. Initially the engine was launched with 1.1-litre and 1.4-litre capacity which was later increased to up to 2.5-litre V6 specification.

Austin A-Series

A-Series engine from Austin is a very powerful engine seen in car models like Austin A30, Austin A40, Minor, Allegro, Maestro, Metro and even Montego. This engine is known for its quick response and power. Equipped in the one of the world’s most popular hatches Mini, the Austin’s engine confirmed its superiority. The engine was introduced about 50 years ago and is still to retain its position as one of the most frugal car engine for the next 50 years to come.

Rolls-Royce V8

The Rolls Royce V8 is a smooth and simply structured engine that delivered commendable performance. Gradually, as new technologies started entering the market the engine was modified and upgraded for relatively higher performance and fuel efficiency. The V8 engine became more powerful when the turbocharger was strapped to it.

BMW V12

The BMW V12 engine with 6.1-litre engine capacity was exclusively designed for the McLaren F1 supercar by the Motorsport Division. The racing car manufacturer had presented the proposal of V12 engine to different firm and it was finally accepted by the M-Sport. It was a tough job to develop an engine with an output of 621 bhp without a turbo or supercharger, electrifying performance and spine-tingling sound effects. It was one of the most sizzling creations

Alfa Romeo Boxer

The engine was named as Boxer because of the fact that its pistons are positioned horizontally opposite to each other. It reveals one of the most important engine layouts. The concept of the boxer was developed by the talented engineer Karl Benz in 1896. Karl Benz was a German mechanical engineer who designed and developed world’s first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine.

Porsche Flat Six

The Flat Six from Porsche was one of the most successful engines that showed its presence for many years in different forms. This engine came into existence in the 1964 with the capacity of 2.0-litre. The engine made its first debut in air-cooled form in the Porsche 911. Though initially the engine was seen with the 2.0-litre capacity, later for the 1993 Porsche models it was increased to a capacity of 3.6-litres. In 1998 with help of the innovative technology, the Flat Six engine came up with the new water-cooled version which was completely different from the traditional version. The latest version of this engine is seen with 3.8-litre that delivers amazing performance despite the rigid modern regulations.

Lamborghini V12

This engine started its journey long back in 1964 with 3.5-litre engine capacity. The first engine was equipped in the 350GT. Lamborghini V12 has made its presence under the hood of the legendary car models like Miura, Countach, and Diablo. It was seen in different size and power. The supreme version of this engine still flaunts in Lamborghini Murcielago LP640 which is powered by a 6.5-litre engine that generates an awesome power output of 631 bhp.

Chevrolet V8

The V8 engine from Chevrolet came into existence in 1955 and since then nearly 90 million engines have been manufactured. Chevrolet V8 engine received immense popularity among the stock car racers and was known as the “Mighty Mouse” motor, which was named after the popular cartoon character of the time. It is one of the engine which offers effective design and compact packaging. Easy to tune V8 engine has the capacity to deliver 370 bhp.

Honda V-TEC

Honda had to bear heavy tax on its large capacity engines and as a result the car manufacturer came up with a small yet powerful engine. The Honda’s V-Tech engine with variable valve timing is one of the most frugal engines in the present day automotive industry. The engine comprises two sets of cam lobes, one for smooth low speed running and another for awesome power output. The design and engineering of the engine was a challenging task but the manufacturer is still rejoicing the engine’s high performance and success even after 16 years of its introduction.

Ford Cosworth

This is the most powerful engine that since its introduction has powered many car models. Initially this engine delivered 204bhp which was increased to 227 bhp in the Escort Cosworth model. These four-cylinder in-line units are compact in design and are customized to provide increased power output and performance. It was further modified where the small and refined 2.0-litre engine delivered 550 bhp. Cosworth is an automotive engineering company that joined hands with Ford to started produce racing car engines in 1959.

hi dear ones,

MISTAKES

mistake

If a barber makes a mistake,

It’s a New Hair Style

If a driver makes a mistake,

It is a New Path

If an engineer makes a mistake,

It is a New Design

If parents makes a mistake,

It is a New Generation

If a politician makes a mistake,

It is a New law

If a scientist makes a mistake,

It is a Invention

If a tailor makes a mistake,

It is a New Fashion

If a teacher makes a mistake,

It is a New Syllbus

If our boss makes a mistake,

It is a

New idea

and

If an employee makes a mistake,

It is a

Mistake Only

mistake

hi dear ones,

Exotic ancient India

The classic Indian epics such as the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Puranas refer to many Super natural beings, describing them as superhuman or subhuman and close to God. Narrations about these tribes are often mixed with mythology and fiction. These tribes include Gandharvas, Yakshas, Kinnaras, Kimpurushas, Rakshasas, Nagas, Suparnas, Vanaras, Vidyadharas, Valikilyas, Pisachas, Devas (within them Vasus, Rudras, Maruts, Adityas) and Asuras (within them Danavas, Daityas and Kalakeyas.)

Their exotic capabilities included

1.       the ability to appear and disappear at will

2.       the ability to fly in air, with or without the use of an airborne vehicle

3.       the knowledge of aircraft (vimana)

4.       the ability to change shape at will (read Shapeshift)

5.       the ability to read people’s minds

6.       the knowledge of other inhabited planets like the Earth

7.       the ability to influence natural forces

Gandharvas

Gandharvas are described as fierce warriors who could challenge even the great Kshatriya warriors. They were also skilled in art, music and dance.

The name Gandharva could have been derived from the name Gandhara. Ghandarva shtan currently became Pakistan and Afghanistan. The city of Kandahar in Afghanistan is said to have been named after Gandhara.

Yaksas

According to Ramayan Kubera established or rebuilt the kingdom of Lanka (now know as Srilanka) and habitated with Yaksa people. The Yaksas were a tribe living in the area surrounding the Kailasa range of the Himalayas.

Kinnaras

They were fierce warriors skilled in horse ride and horse warfare. Some of them were robber tribes who invaded village settlements, by raiding them using their skilled cavalry forces. The myth of Kinnaras probably came from these ferocious warrior tribes, who terrorized the Vedic settlements.

The epic Mahabharata and the Puranas describe, regions north to Himalayas as the abode of Kinnaras. There is now a district named Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh which is thought to be the domain of the Kinnara tribes. People of this district call themselves as Kinnaurs.

Kimpurushas

Kimpurushas were described to be lion faced beings. Some Puranas consider Kinnaras and Kimpurushas as same while Mahabharata contains passages where Kinnaras and Kimpurushas were considered as two separate groups.

Rakshasas

Rakshasas were described to have large bodies, probably due to their continuous life in cold climates over snow-covered mountains. Rakshasas were normal humans who followed a certain religious way (Vyam Raksham, Aggression and Protection of spiritual life) as opposed to Yakshas (Vyam Yaksham, enjoyment and pleasure ignore spiritual pursuits).

Nagas

Nagas were a group of people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata.The demi-god tribe called Suparnas (in which Garuda belonged) were arch-rivals of the Nagas. However, the Nagas near Kashmir seems to be the original abode of all of them. The name of the place Anantnag might be related to this theory. Srinagar, Sri Nag Ghar, holy home of the Saint of Nagas.

Suparnas

The Suparnas (also known as Garudas) were probably the Falcon worshipping or falcon rearing Iranians who conquered the Naga territories of north west India. Yet another view is that Nagas and Garudas were the two rival factions of the same tribe. Mahabharata also support this view since it describes the two races originating from two mothers who were sisters.

Vanaras

Vanaras were a tribe who dwelled within dense forests. During the time of Ramayana, the central part of Indian peninans was covered by a dense forest by the name Dandaka Forest. Some literature describes them as monkeys, some as apes.

hi dear ones,

World’s 10 Largest Car Manufacturers

Toyota


Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation is the world’s largest car manufacturer. It has sold 3,564,105 units in the first half of 2009 compared to 4,815,442 units in the first half of 2008. Though Toyota reported an annual net loss of US$4.4 billion on May 8, 2009, it could still emerge as the world’s largest car maker. The Japanese giant has been severely affected by the 2007-2009 financial crises. Toyota ventured into the automobile industry in 1934 with its first product Type A engine. It manufactured in its first passenger car the Toyota AA in 1936. Toyota Motor Corporation was established as an independent and separate company in 1937.
General Motors


General Motors was established in 1908 by William C. Durant. It is world’s second-largest car maker. General Motors was world’s number one car company for consecutive 77 years from 1931 to 2007. Because of the economic conditions, the beleaguered car giant went bankrupt on June 1, 2009. On 10th July 2009, the company emerged from” Chapter 11 bankruptcy” reorganization. In spite of all these, General Motors could sell 3,552,722 units compared to last year’s 4,541,125 units.
Volkswagen


The Volkswagen Group is the world’s third largest car maker. It sold 3,100.300 units this year compared to 3,265,200 units of previous years. The Volkswagen Group constitutes the car brands like Audi AG, Bentley Motors Ltd., Automobiles Bugatti SA, Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A., SEAT, Skoda Auto and heavy goods vehicle manufacturer Scania AB. Recently, Porsche has united with the Volkswagen Group. The German luxury car company was founded on May 28, 1937 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler wanted a “people’s car”. Volkswagen literally means ‘people’s car’ in German.
Hyundai-Kia


Hyundai-Kia has emerged as the world’s fourth largest car manufacturer. This year Hyundai-Kia jumped up a rank above. The Korean car maker showed global sales for the first half of 2009 at 2,153,000 units. The Indian subsidiary of Hyundai Kia Automotive Group, the Hyundai Motors India, is the country’s second largest car manufacturer. The Hyundai Motor Company was founded in 1967. It became the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group when Hyundai Motor Company purchased 51% of South Korea’s second-largest car company, Kia Motors in 1998.
Ford


Ford Motor Company was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. Presently, it is world’s fifth largest car maker with 2,145,000 units of global sales. This year, Hyundai-Kia edged out the mighty Ford of the fourth position. In 2007, Ford fell from second to third-ranked car maker for the first time in 56 years, behind only General Motors and Toyota.
PSA Peugeot-Citroen


The French car company sold 1,586,900 units in 2009. Last year it showed a sale of 1,844,700 units. The company was formed in 1976 and sells under the Peugeot and Citroen brand names. PSA is the second largest automaker based in Europe.
Honda


The Honda Motor Company secures the seventh place with sales units of 1,586,000 compared to last year’s 2,022,00 units. Honda became Japan’s second largest car maker in 2001 by superseding Nissan. Moreover, Honda is the world’s largest manufacturer of motorcycles as well as the world’s largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines. The company was founded by Soichiro Honda on 24th September 1948. Soichiro Honda dreamed to provide a personal mobility to everyone. The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car.
Nissan


Nissan Motors was founded in 1932. It is among the top three Asian car companies. Nissan is in the eight position with 1,545,976 units. Last year it sold 2,013,611 units in the first half. Nissan faced severe financial difficulties in 1999 and entered an alliance with Renault S.A. of France. The Nissan VQ engines, of V6 configuration, have featured among Ward’s 10 Best Engines for 14 straight years, since the award’s inception.

Suzuki


Suzuki Motor Corporation is the ninth largest car manufacturer in the world. The company began as Suzuki Loom Works in 1909 under Michio Suzuki. Suzuki started producing cars in 1955. Maruti Suzuki, the Indian arm of the Japanese car honcho is India’s largest car manufacturer. The car company sold 1.152,000 units this year compared to 2008’s 1,283,000 units.
Renault


Renault is the world’s tenth largest car maker with 1.106.989 units this year. Last year, it sold 1.326,164 units. Renault S.A. is a French carmaker producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks since 1899. The company was formed by Louis Renault, his brothers Marcel and Fernand, and his friends Thomas Evert and Julian Wyer. Renault has joined hands with Nissan on March 27, 1999. The Nissan-Renault Alliance is world’s fourth largest car maker if their individual units were taken together. Nissan-Renault Alliance sold 2,652,965 units this year.