Archive for April 2, 2010


12 MAHA JYOTIRLINGA

hi dear ones,

Share for the day on Shivarathri Day.

Kedarnath

Temple of Lord Kedarnath is situated on the banks of River Mandakini which is on the west side of Kedar mountain in Himalayas.
This place is reached by road via Rishikesh, from where it is more than 200 kms. The last phase is completed by a steep walk of about 3-4 hours.

Kedarnath

Kasi Viswanath


Temple of Lord Viswanath is situated in Varanasi. While it is a highly revered place some Muslim rulers had destroyed & desecrated it,
and built a mosque next ot it. The place has been renovated by later kings.


kashi vishwanath


SOMNATH


Temple of Lord Somnath is situated near the town of Veraval in Western part of Gujarat. Veraval is reached from Rajkot.
The present Temple is a great imposing structure and is situated just on the sea shore.-

somnath


MAHAKALESWAR

Temple of Bhagwan Mahakal is situated in the town of Ujjain. Ujjain is near Indore,
and is reached by train via Ratlam or Bhopal.

mahakaleshwar

Omkareshwar


The Temple of Lord Omkareshwar is situated on the banks of River Narmada, in between Indore & Khandwa.
The temple is situated on an island, which is encircled by the Narmada River.

omkareshwar

Rameshwar


The consecration of the temple of Lord Rameshwar was done by none other than Lord Rama himself, and thus this name.

It is situated in a large island surrounded by sea in the southern side of India. It is approached from Madurai,
which by itslf is well connected by all means of transportation.


rameshwar

SRISAILA   MALLIKARJUNA

The temple of Lord Mallikarjuna is situated in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
The temple is situated in the town of Srisailam on the banks of River Patalganga Krishna.
Srisailam mountain is looked upon reverentially as the Kailash of South.

Mallikarjuna

Trayambakeshwar

Lord Trayambakeshwar resides in a beautiful locale about 20 kms from the city of Nashik.

It is a wel connected place and can also be reached from Bombay in about 4-5 hours.

trayambakeshwar


Bhimashankar


Temple of Lord Bhimashankar is situated in a Forest Reserve about 3 hours drive from Pune. The place is hilly with beautiful greenery all around.

bhimashankar

Nageshwar


Temple of Lord Nageshwar is situated in Gujarat, and is about 12 kms on way from Gomti-Dwarka to Bhet-Dwarka.

nageswar

Baijnath


The Temple of Lord Baijnath is situated in Bihar. On the rail route from Patna to Kolkata is a place called Kiul. About 100 kms south-east of this place is Devghar – where this ancient Temple is situated.

baijnath


Grishneshwar

The Temple of Lord Grishneshwar is situated just adjacent to the famous Ellora Caves.

grineshwar

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hi dear ones,

sachin tendulkar

Sachin’s 45 Test Tons

November 15, 1989 marks the day when Sachin Tendulkar made his Test debut against Pakistan in Karachi. At just 16 years old, he only made 15 runs in his debut innings being bowled out by Waqar Younis, but was noticed for how he handled numerous bodyline deliveries by the Pakistani pace attack. More than 20 years have passed by and Sachin has established himself as one of cricket’s finest in this period, amassing 45 centuries along the way. Through this photogallery, CricketNDTV.com takes a look at these centuries made by our beloved ‘Ton’dulkar.

1st century: Sachin’s maiden Test hundred came against England on August 14, 1990 at the Old Trafford Cricket Ground in Manchester. Sachin scored an unbeaten 119 helping India draw the match. With this maiden century, he became the second youngest to score a century in Test cricket after Mushtaq Mohammad. 11 years later in 2001/02 season, his record was bettered by Bangladesh’s Mohammad Ashraful.

Year 1992

2nd century: For nearly two years after his maiden century, he went on without scoring another. Then on January 6, 1992, he managed to score an unbeaten 148 runs against hosts Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney.

3rd century: Sachin’s good form continued forward and in the 5th match of the same series against Australia, he scored another ton, this time at the WACA Ground in Perth. But his innings of 114 runs went in vain as India lost the match.

4th century: Sachin scored his fourth century on November 28, 1992 against South Africa at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. With India batting first, he scored 111 runs. Till now all his centuries had come playing outside India.

Year 1993

5th century: With what was his first century at home, Sachin scored his highest till then, 165 runs against a visiting English side at the M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai on February 12, 1993. Sachin’s century contributed a lot in India winning the match.

6th century: Another unbeaten century for Sachin and another win for Team India. Sachin’s score of 104 not out helped India emerge victorious against Sri Lanka at the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo on July 31, 1993.

Year 1994

7th century: Sachin’s next century again came against Sri Lanka but this time India were the hosts. The Little Master narrowly missed out on a score of 150, when he got out scoring 142 runs at the K.D. Singh Babu Stadium in Lucknow. Like before, India again managed to pick up a win over the Lankans.

8th century: Playing against a very fast West Indian bowling attack, Sachin scored an enormous score of 179 runs on December 2, 1994. The match took place at the Vidharbha Cricket Association Ground in Nagpur.

Year 1996

9th century: In what turned out to be a loss for Team India, Sachin scored 122 runs playing against England on a swinging Edgbaston Cricket Ground pitch in Birmingham on June 8, 1996.

10th century: Sachin very soon hit another ton, his tenth till now and helped India draw the match against England at Trent Bridge in Nottingham on July 5, 1996. He had scored 177 runs.

Year 1997

11th century: By now Sachin was leading Team India from the front and was setting examples for everybody else. With the captaincy feather on his cap, he scored 169 runs against the Proteas at the Newlands Cricket Ground in Cape Town on January 4, 1997.

12th century: Sachin added another century to his Test statistics when he hit 143 runs against Sri Lanka at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo on August 3, 1997. This was his second century as Team India’s captain.

13th century: Just a week after scoring his 12th hundred, Sachin scored his 13th. It again came against Sri Lanka and was his first back to back centuries. Hosted by the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo, the match ended in a draw.

14th century: Scoring his fourth century of the year, Sachin again missed out on reaching the 150 run mark when he got out after scoring 148 runs at his homeground Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai on December 4, 1997 playing against the Lankans. The match ended in a draw.

Year 1998

15th century: At a time when Sachin was considered to be in the prime of his career, he scored an unbeaten 155 against Australia on March 9, at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai. His contribution stole the match away from the visiting Aussies.

16th century: Sachin kept ripping the Aussie bowling attack to shreds and amassed 177 runs at the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore on March 26, 1998.

17th century: His 3rd century of the year came when he managed to get 113 runs against hosts New Zealand at the Basin Reserve in Wellington on December 29, 1998. Unfortunately, India again lost the match.

Year 1999

18th century: Sachin would probably never forget January 31, 1999 as he finally managed to get a Test century against Pakistan on that day. He scored 136 runs in the second innings at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai.

19th century: Hitting tons against Lankans was a common phenomenon for Sachin. Scoring his 6th triple-figure-score against them Sachin hit an unbeaten 124 runs at the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo on February 28, 1999.

20th century: Back in his second captaincy stint, Sachin managed to score another century again staying unbeaten at 126 runs. Played at Punjab Cricket Association Stadium in Mohali, this match against New Zealand also ended in a draw.

21st century: It was a big celebration for the Master Blaster as for the first time in his career he managed to hit a double ton scoring 217 runs at the Sardar Patel Stadium in Motera again against New Zealand on October 30, 1999.

22nd century: With this century, Sachin completed 5 Test centuries in a single calender year. He made 116 runs against Australia on December 28, 1999 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne.

Year 2000

23rd century: What was turning out to be a rather quiet year for Sachin turned completely around when he scored 122 runs against Zimbabwe at the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in New Delhi on November 21, 2000. India went on to register a win in that match.

24th century: Just five days later, Sachin scored a double ton for the second time in his career. Staying unbeaten at 201, India drew the match playing against Zimbabwe at the Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground in Nagpur.

Year 2001

25th century: Sachin’s 126 runs on March 20, 2001 were a major contribution in India’s win against Australia at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai.

26th century: Even though India lost the match to South Africa, fans were still cheering Sachin who scored 155 runs.

27th century: On December 13, 2001, Tendulkar at the Sardar Patel Stadium in Motera played a fine innings against England and scored 103 runs which helped India draw the match.

Year 2002

28th century: With a score of 176, Sachin was now just one century away from equaling Sir Don Bradman’s 29 Test hundreds. This knock of his, helped India win against Zimbabwe at the Vidharbha Cricket Association ground in Nagpur.

29th century: Sachin gave himself an early birthday present when on April 20, 2002, he equaled Sir Don Bradman’s 29 Test tons. It was time for a double celebration as India also won that match against West Indies at Queen’s Park Oval in Port of Spain.

30th century: Sachin narrowly missed out on a double century this time when he got out at a score of 193 against England at Headingley in Leeds on August 23, 2002. But on the brightside, India won the match because of his contribution.

31st century: Another big score by Sachin. He made 176 runs at the Eden Gardens in Kolkata on November 3, 2002 playing against the visiting West Indians.

Year 2004

32nd century: Scoring a mammoth unbeaten 241 against Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney on January 4, 2004, it was the beginning of a high scoring year for him. This was his highest Test score yet.

33rd century: A controversial decision by the then captain Rahul Dravid to declare the innings, cost Sachin from reaching another double hundred score. India declared their innings with Sachin at a score of 194 with just 6 more runs to reach what would have been his 4th double ton.

34th century: Nine months later he finally got his fourth double ton when he slammed an unbeaten 248 runs against Bangladesh during the first Test in Dhaka. He celebrated his double ton with another milestone as he equalled Sunil Gavaskar’s Test record of 34 centuries. It was indeed a proud moment for the two Little Masters, who are great admirers of each other.

Year 2005

35th century: It took Sachin exactly a year to surpass his idol Gavaskar. In 2005, Sachin played six Tests making 444 runs. He missed out on a hundred against Pakistan in Mohali when he was dismissed for 94 runs. And then there was a long wait..

On December 10, 2005 in New Delhi, he got his 35th Test ton against Sri Lanka. He contributed 109 to India’s 290 on a tricky Kotla track where Muralitharan was at his wily best. As they say all’s well that ends well, India won the match by a big margin of 188 runs.

Year 2006

Sachin played five Tests – against Pakistan, England and South Africa – but he had a long run-draught during this year. This year, he did not score any century. In five Test matches, he managed just 267 runs with the help of a fifty that came in South Africa. This was the time when his critics had all their daggers and knives out and in action!

Year 2007

He started the year on a decent note when he hit a fifty in the third Test against South Africa at Cape Town.

36th century: He next toured to Bangladesh for a two-Test match series. He hit 101 in a rain-hit first Test at Chittagong.

37th century: Sachin hit back-to-back centuries in the series. In the second Test against Bangladesh in Dhaka, he raised his 37th ton with an unbeaten knock of 122 runs. Three other Indians made centuries in the same match – Wasim Jaffer, Dinesh Karthik and Rahul Dravid. However, Sachin walked away with the ‘Man of the Series’.

Year 2008

38th century: Sachin started the new year on a high Down Under. During the second Test against Australia in Sydney, Sachin made an unbeaten 154 runs as his 38th Test century. However, some umpiring blunders gave Australian an edge over the Indians in the match that was well in visitors’ grasp.

39th century: After a forgettable Sydney Test, India moved to Adelaide for the third Test. Sachin carried his form to the Adelaide Oval and made 154 runs to get his 39th Test ton, which was also his 80th international hundred. The match ended in a draw.

40th century: Sachin got his 40th ton at Nagpur during the fourth Test against Australia. The four-match series was aready in India’s pocket, but Sachin’s innings of 109 runs helped India put up a good total. India won the match by 172 runs and clinched the series 2-0 to lift the Border-Gavaskar Trophy. During the same series, Sachin surpassed Brian Lara’s record of maximum Test runs. It came during the second Test at Mohali.

41st century: Many called this knock as Sachin’s one of the best Test knocks. After condemnable terror attacks on Mumbai, India played England in Chennai. And the Mumbaikar made that match a historic one. If Virender Sehwag set the stage, Sachin along with Yuvraj Singh chased the total with an hour to spare for the close of the match. He made unbeaten 103 runs and dedicated his 41st ton to all his countrymen.

Year 2009

42nd century: It came at a place which proved to be Indian batting’s graveyard in 2002-03. India went to New Zealand this year after that debacle tour. It was tipped to be one of the toughest tour as nobody knew how the conditions were.

After Indian pacers ripped the Kiwi batting apart in the first Test at Hamilton, Sachin got down to his task and slammed 160 runs for his 42nd ton. Most importantly, his knock backed by lethal bowling gave India a win in New Zealand after a gap of 33 years.

43rd Test century: Sachin celebrated his 20 years in Test cricket with an unbeaten 100 runs in the second innings of the first Test against Sri Lanka in Ahmedabad in December 2009. There were seven centuries scored in that match. Failing to score in the first innings, Sachin scored a subdued 298-ball 100 runs in the second.

Year 2010:

44th Test century: The master batsman started the new year with another century. Though against the minnows, his 44th century came under testing circumstances. India, who played their first Test of the year against Bangladesh in January, were heavily let down by their batsmen in the first innings in Chittagong. Out of 243 runs, Sachin scored 105 and saved India blushes. While wickets were tumbling from one end, Sachin at the other end dig deep and kept the battle on. He was adjudged ‘man of the match’ for his fighting knock.

45th Test century:In the second Test of the two-match series against Bangladesh, Sachin slammed another ton. As compared to the hundred scored in the first Test, this one was a more relaxed one. During the process, he had a 200-run plus with Rahul Dravid for the third wicket.

hi dear ones,

i always wondered who are and what are the categories of the TERRORISTS and where do they get money !!

so here it is ………..

The Task Force classified terrorism into six categories.

  • Civil disorder – A form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal functioning of the community.
  • Political terrorismViolent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes.
  • Non-Political terrorism – Terrorism that is not aimed at political purposes but which exhibits “conscious design to create and maintain a high degree of fear for coercive purposes, but the end is individual or collective gain rather than the achievement of a political objective.”
  • Quasi-terrorism – The activities incidental to the commission of crimes of violence that are similar in form and method to genuine terrorism but which nevertheless lack its essential ingredient. It is not the main purpose of the quasi-terrorists to induce terror in the immediate victim as in the case of genuine terrorism, but the quasi-terrorist uses the modalities and techniques of the genuine terrorist and produces similar consequences and reaction. For example, the fleeing felon who takes hostages is a quasi-terrorist, whose methods are similar to those of the genuine terrorist but whose purposes are quite different.
  • Limited political terrorism – Genuine political terrorism is characterized by a revolutionary approach; limited political terrorism refers to “acts of terrorism which are committed for ideological or political motives but which are not part of a concerted campaign to capture control of the state.
  • Official or state terrorism –”referring to nations whose rule is based upon fear and oppression that reach similar to terrorism or such proportions.” It may also be referred to as Structural Terrorism defined broadly as terrorist acts carried out by governments in pursuit of political objectives, often as part of their foreign policy.

Several sources have further defined the typology of terrorism:

  • Political terrorism
    • Sub-state terrorism
      • Social revolutionary terrorism
      • Nationalist-separatist terrorism
      • Religious extremist terrorism
        • Religious fundamentalist Terrorism
        • New religions terrorism
      • Right-wing terrorism
      • Single-issue terrorism
    • State-sponsored terrorism
    • Regime or state terrorism
  • Criminal terrorism
  • Pathological terrorism

The Many Sources of Income

The sources that feed these organizations are much more varied than one might assume. The Saudi government has admitted to spending more than $87 billion over the last decade in an effort to spread Wahhabism. This money has been spent on the creation of Mosques, schools, and other institutions that have constituted the breeding grounds for the foot soldiers of the global Islamic terrorist movement. Political considerations, and oil, have prevented Washington from holding the Saudis accountable for their role in promoting terrorism.

However, the Saudis are far from the only source of terrorism funding. Funding for terrorist organizations comes mainly from national governments, including but not limited to Iran, Saudi Arabia, and a number of other Arab states; charitable organizations like the Arab League and the International Islamic Relief Organization; “legitimate” business fronts, such as travel agencies and cell phone distributors; the exploitation of the unregulated commodities market and other financial markets; and various forms of international trade that convert cash into diamonds and gold. Terrorists also generate money from criminal activities such as extortion, prostitution rings, video pirating, and drug trafficking.

Furthermore, terrorist organizations have created links with the Russian Mafia, Colombian drug cartel, and a number of other international criminal organizations. These links of politics, money, geography, and arms create a mutually beneficial relationship that allows both the terrorists and the criminal organizations to prosper. Drug trafficking, an estimated $2 trillion market per year, has become the best weapon for terrorists. Beyond helping terrorists to finance their wide range of illegal activities, the drug market has also allowed terrorist organizations to undermine targeted countries both politically and economically, while at the same time creating a crisis in the targeted country’s public health system. Furthermore, the illegal drug trade has helped Islamist terrorist organizations recruit new members by citing drug use as an indication of Western degeneracy, and a sign that such corrupt societies need to be destroyed.

These methods are not area specific , these are used globally.