Archive for April 1, 2010

INDIAN Classic Dances

hi dear ones,


The Indian dances are broadly divided into Classical dances and folk dances.

in this blog we will look into classical dances only.

indian classical dances

The Classical dances of India are usually spiritual in content. Though the folk dances of India are also spiritual and religious in content but the main force behind the folk dances of India is the celebratory mood. Dances are a form of coherent expression of human feelings.

Like the Indian culture, Indian classical dances are equally diverse in nature. There are numerous classical dance forms in India and innumerable folk dances. Each dance form can be traced to different parts of the country. Each form represents the culture and ethos of a particular region or a group of people

The most popular classical dance styles of India are Bharatnatyam of Tamil Nadu, Kathakali and Mohiniattam of Kerala, Odissi of Orissa, Kathak of Uttar Pradesh, Kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh and Manipuri of Manipur.

Bharatnatyam is one of the most popular classical Indian dances. Bharatnatyam is more popular in South Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Bharatnatyam dance is almost 2,000 years old.


Kathak is one of the most important classical dances of India. Kathak is said to be derived from the word katha, meaning “the art of storytelling.” The Kathak dance form originated in north India and was very similar to the Bharatnatyam dance form.


Kathakali is the classical dance form of Kerala. The word Kathakali literally means “Story-Play”. Kathakali is known for its heavy, elaborate makeup and costumes.


Kuchipudi is one of the classical dance forms of the South India. It derives its name from the Kuchipudi village of Andhra Pradesh. In the seventeenth century the Kuchipudi village was presented to the Brahmins, who were experts in staging dance and drama. Kuchipudi exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and mythological tales through a combination of music, dance and acting.


Manipuri is one of the six major classical dances of India. Manipuri dance is indigenous to Manipur, the Northeastern state of India. The Manipuri dance style is inextricably woven into the life pattern of Manipuri people. The most striking part of Manipur dance is its colorful decoration, lightness of dancing foot, delicacy of abhinaya (drama), lilting music and poetic charm.


Mohiniattam is a classical dance form of Kerala. Mohiniattam is derived from the words “Mohini” (meaning beautiful women) and “attam”(meaning dance). Thus, Mohiniattam dance form is a beautiful feminine style with surging flow of body movements. Mohiniattam dance in Kerala developed in the tradition of Devadasi system, which later grew and developed a classical status.



Odissi is one of the famous classical Indian dances from Orissa state. The history of Odissi dance is almost two thousand years old. Odissi is a highly inspired, passionate, ecstatic and sensuous form of dance.



All forms of classical dance are strictly based on thorough rules and systemized series of movements as declared in the  “Natyashastra”, which is the ancient book on dance and music and drama. The Indian classical dance style is unique in terms of movement, grace, style and élan.


hi dear ones,

Space Quick Facts


1. Saturn’s rings are made up of particles of ice, dust and rock. Some particles are as small as grains of sand while others are much larger than skyscrapers.

2. Jupiter is larger than 1,000 Earths.

3. The Great Red Spot on Jupiter is a hurricane-like storm system that was first detected in the early 1600’s.

4. Comet Hale-Bopp is putting out approximately 250 tons of gas and dust per second. This is about 50 times more than most comets produce.

5. The Sun looks 1600 times fainter from Pluto than it does from the Earth.

6. There is a super massive black hole right in the middle of the Milky Way galaxy that is 4 million times the mass of the Sun.

7. Halley’s Comet appears about every 76 years.

8. The orbits of most asteroids lie partially between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

9. Asteroids and comets are believed to be ancient remnants of the formation of our Solar System (More than 4 billion years ago!).

10. Comets are bodies of ice, rock and organic compounds that can be several miles in diameter.

11. The most dangerous asteroids, those capable of causing major regional or global disasters, usually impact the Earth only once every 100,000 years on average.

12. Some large asteroids even have their own moon.

SPACE....look above

13. Near-Earth asteriods have orbits that cross the Earth’s orbit. These could potentially impact the Earth.

14. There are over 20 million observable meteors per day.

15. Only one or two meteorites per day reach the surface of Earth.

16. The largest found meteorite was found in Hoba, Namibia. It weighed 60 tons.

17. The typical size of a meteor is about one cubic centimeter, which is equivalent to the size of a sugar cube.

18. Each day, Earth accumulate 10 to 100 tons of material.

19. There are over 100 billion galaxies in the universe.

20. The largest galaxies contain nearly 400 billion stars.

21. The risk of a falling meteorite striking a human occurs once every 9,300 years.

22. A piece of a neutron star the size of a pin point would way 1 million tons.

23. Europa, Jupiter’s moon, is completely covered in ice.

24. Light reflecting off the moon takes 1.2822 seconds to reach Earth.

25. There has only been one satellite destroyed by a meteor, it was the European Space Agency’s Olympus in          1993.

26. The International Space Station orbits at 248 miles above the Earth.

27. The Earth orbits the Sun at 66,700mph.

28. Venus spins in the opposite direction compared to the Earth and most other planets. This means that the Sun rises in the West and sets in the East.

29. The Moon is moving away from the Earth at about 34cm per year.

30. The Sun, composed mostly of helium and hydrogen, has a surface temperature of 6000 degrees Celsius.

31. A manned rocket reaches the moon in less time than it took a stagecoach to travel the length of England.

32. The nearest known black hole is 1,600 light years (10 quadrillion miles/16 quadrillion kilometers) away.


hi dear ones,

Interesting Ocean Facts

Area: about 140 million square miles (362 million sq km), or nearly 71% of the Earth’s surface.

Average Depth: 12,200 feet (3,720 m).

Deepest point: 36,198 feet (11,033 m) in the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific.

Mountains: The ocean ridges form a great mountain range, almost 40,000 miles (64,000 km) long, that weaves its way through all the major oceans. It is the largest single feature on Earth.

Highest Mountain: Mauna Kea, Hawaii, rises 33,474 feet (10,203 m) from its base on the ocean floor; only 13,680 feet (4,170 m) are above sea level.

Ocean bed

48 more facts about our oceans…

  1. The oceans occupy nearly 71% of our planet’s surface
  2. More than 97% of all our planet’s water is contained in the ocean
  3. The top ten feet of the ocean hold as much heat as our entire atmosphere
  4. The average depth of the ocean is more than 2.5 miles
  5. The oceans provide 99 percent of the Earth’s living space- the largest space in our universe known to be inhabited by living organisms
  6. More than 90% of this habitat exists in the deep sea known as the abyss
  7. Less than 10% of this living space has been explored by humans
  8. Mount Everest (the highest point on the Earth’s surface 5.49 miles) is more than 1 mile shorter than the Challenger Deep (the deepest point in the ocean at 6.86 miles)
  9. The longest continuous mountain chain known to exist in the Universe resides in the ocean at more than 40,000 miles long

10. The Monterey Bay Submarine Canyon is deeper and larger in volume than the Grand Canyon

11. The Antarctic ice sheet that forms and melts over the ocean each year is nearly twice the size of the United States

12. The average temperature of the oceans is 2ºC, about 39ºF

13. Water pressure at the deepest point in the ocean is more than 8 tons per square inch, the equivalent of one person trying to hold 50 jumbo jets.

14. The Gulf Stream off the Atlantic seaboard of the United States flows at a rate nearly 300 times faster than the typical flow of the Amazon river, the world’s largest river

15. The worlds oceans contain nearly 20 million tons of gold

16. The color blue is least absorbed by seawater; the same shade of blue is most absorbed by microscopic plants, called phytoplankton, drifting in seawater

17. A new form of life, based on chemical energy rather than light energy, resides in deep-sea hydrothermal vents along mid-ocean ridges

18. A swallow of seawater may contain millions of bacterial cells, hundreds of thousands of phytoplankton and tens of thousands of zooplankton

19. The blue whale, the largest animal on our planet ever (exceeding the size of the greatest dinosaurs) still lives in the ocean; it’s heart is the size of a Volkswagen

20. The gray whale migrates more than 10,000 miles each year, the longest migration of any mammal

21. The Great Barrier Reef, measuring 1,243 miles, is the largest living structure on Earth. It can be seen from the Moon.

22. More than 90 percent of the trade between countries is carried by ships and about half the communications between nations use underwater cables

23. More oil reaches the oceans each year as a result of leaking automobiles and other non-point sources than was spilled in Prince William Sound by the Exxon Valdez

24. Fish supply the greatest percentage of the world’s protein consumed by humans

25. Most of the world’s major fisheries are being fished at levels above their maximum sustainable yield; some regions are severely overfished

26. The Grand Banks, the pride of New England fishing for centuries, are closed due to overfishing

27. Eighty per cent of all pollution in seas and oceans comes from land-based activities.

28. Three-quarters of the world’s mega-cities are by the sea.

29. By 2010, 80 per cent of people will live within 60 miles of the coast.

30. Death and disease caused by polluted coastal waters costs the global economy US$12.8 billion a year. The annual economic impact of hepatitis from tainted seafood alone is US$7.2 billion.

31. Plastic waste kills up to 1 million sea birds, 100,000 sea mammals and countless fish each year. Plastic remains in our ecosystem for years harming thousands of sea creatures everyday.

32. Over the past decade, an average of 600,000 barrels of oil a year has been accidentally spilled from ships, the equivalent of 12 disasters the size of the sinking of the oil tanker Prestige in 2002.

33. Tropical coral reefs border the shores of 109 countries, the majority of which are among the world’s least developed. Significant reef degradation has occurred in 93 countries.

34. Although coral reefs comprise less than 0.5 per cent of the ocean floor, it is estimated that more than 90 per cent of marine species are directly or indirectly dependent on them.

35. There are about 4,000 coral reef fish species worldwide, accounting for approximately a quarter of all marine fish species.

36. Nearly 60 per cent of the world’s remaining reefs are at significant risk of being lost in the next three decades.

37. The major causes of coral reef decline are coastal development, sedimentation, destructive fishing practices, pollution, tourism and global warming.

38. Less than one half a per cent of marine habitats are protected — compared with 11.5 per cent of global land area.

39. The High Seas — areas of the ocean beyond national jurisdiction — cover almost 50 per cent of the Earth’s surface. They are the least protected part of the world.

40. Although there are some treaties that protect ocean-going species such as whales, as well as some fisheries agreements, there are no protected areas in the High Seas.

41. Studies show that protecting critical marine habitats — such as warm-and cold-water coral reefs, seagrass beds and mangroves — can dramatically increase fish size and quantity.

42. More than 3.5 billion people depend on the ocean for their primary source of food. In 20 years, this number could double to 7 billion.

43. Populations of commercially attractive large fish, such as tuna, cod, swordfish and marlin have declined by as much as 90 per cent in the past century.

44. Each year, illegal longline fishing, which involves lines up to 80 miles long, with thousands of baited hooks, kills over 300,000 seabirds, including 100,000 albatrosses.

45. As many as 100 million sharks are killed each year for their meat and fins, which are used for shark fin soup. Hunters typically catch the sharks, de-fin them while alive and throw them back into the ocean where they either drown or bleed to death.

46. Global by-catch — unintended destruction caused by the use of non-selective fishing gear, such as trawl nets, longlines and gillnets — amounts to 20 million tons a year.

47. The annual global by-catch mortality of small whales, dolphins and porpoises alone is estimated to be more than 300,000 individuals.

48. Fishing for wild shrimp represents 2 per cent of global seafood but one-third of total by-catch. The ratio of by-catch from shrimp fishing ranges from 5:1 in temperate zones to 10:1 and more in the tropics.

hi dear ones,

Water water everywhere but not a drop to drink !!!


The major oceanic divisions are defined in part by the continents, various archipelagos, and other criteria. These divisions are (in descending order of size):

1          Pacific Ocean                64,196,000 sq mi (166,266,877 km2)

2          Atlantic Ocean            33,400,000 sq mi (86,505,603 km2)

3          Indian Ocean               28,400,000 sq mi (73,555,662 km2)

4          Southern Ocean          20,327,000 sq mi (52,646,688 km2)

5          Arctic Ocean                5,100,000 sq mi (13,208,939 km2)

6          Arabian Sea                 1,491,000 sq mi (3,861,672 km2)

7          South China Sea         1,148,000 sq mi (2,973,306 km2)

8          Caribbean Sea                971,000 sq mi (2,514,878 km2)

9          Mediterranean Sea      969,000 sq mi (2,509,698 km2)

10        Bering Sea                  873,000 sq mi (2,261,060 km2)

11        Bay of Bengal             838,612 sq mi (2,171,995 km2)

12        Gulf of Mexico           582,000 sq mi (1,507,373 km2)

13        Sea of Okhotsk            537,000 sq mi (1,390,824 km2)

14        Sea of Japan               391,000 sq mi (1,012,685 km2)

15        Hudson Bay               282,000 sq mi (730,377 km2)

16        East China Sea            257,000 sq mi (665,627 km2)

17        Andaman Sea              218,100 sq mi (564,876 km2)

18        Red Sea                        175,000 sq mi (453,248 km2)

19        Black Sea                       168,500 sq mi (436,413 km2)

20        North Sea                       165,000 sq mi (427,348 km2)

21        Baltic Sea                        147,000 sq mi (380,728 km2)

22        Yellow Sea                      113,500 sq mi (293,964 km2)

23        Persian Gulf                      88,800 sq mi (229,991 km2)

24        Gulf of California             59,000 sq mi (152,809 km2)


  • There are 328,000,000 cubic miles of seawater on earth, covering approximately 71 percent of earth’s surface.
  • By volume, the ocean makes up 99 percent of the planet’s living space- the largest space in our universe known to be inhabited by living organisms.
  • About 97 percent of all water on earth is in our oceans, 2 percent is frozen in our ice caps and glaciers, and less than 0.3 percent is carried in the atmosphere in the form of clouds, rain, and snow. All of our inland seas, lakes and channels combined add up to only 0.02 percent of earth’s water.
  • The Antarctic Ice Sheet is almost twice the size of the United States.
  • Earth’s ocean is made up of more than 20 seas and four oceans: Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Pacific, the oldest and the largest.
  • The ocean accounts for 0.022 percent of the total weight of earth, weighing an estimated 1,450,000,000,000,000,000 short tons (1 short ton = 2,000lbs).
  • The average worldwide ocean depth is about 12,460 feet (3,798 meters), with the deepest point of 36,198 feet (11,033 meters) which is located in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean; the tallest mountain, Mount Everest, measures 29,022 feet (8,846 meters). If Mount Everest were to be placed into the Mariana Trench it would be covered with sea water more than a mile (1.5 km ) deep.
  • Although Mount Everest is often called the tallest mountain on Earth, Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii, is actually taller. Only 13,796 feet of Mauna Kea stands above sea level, yet it is 33,465 feet tall if measured from the ocean floor to its summit
  • A slow cascade of water beneath the Denmark Strait sinks 2.2 miles; more than 3.5 times farther than Venezuela’s Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall on land.
  • Earth’s largest continuous mountain chain is the Mid-Ocean Ridge, stretching for 40,000 miles, rising above the surface of the water in a few places, such as Iceland. It is four times longer than the Andes, Rocky Mountains, and Himalayas combined.
  • Ninety percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans. In 1993, scientists located the largest known concentration of active volcanoes on the sea floor in the South Pacific. This area, the size of New York State, hosts 1,133 volcanic cones and seamounts. Two or three could erupt at any moment.
  • The highest tides in the world are at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At some times of the year the difference between high and low tide is 53 feet 6 inches, the equivalent of a five-story building.
  • Canada has the longest coastline of any country, at 56,453 miles or around 15 percent of the world’s 372,384 miles of coastlines.
  • In 1958, the United States Coast Guard icebreaker East Wind measured the world’s tallest known iceberg off western Greenland. At 550 feet it was only 5 feet 6 inches shorter than the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C.
  • The volume of the Earth’s moon is the same as the volume of the Pacific Ocean.