Hi dear ones,
Coordinates 21°N 78°E / 21°N 78°E / 21; 78
Area Ranked 7th
3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219.3 sq mi)
9.56 % water
Total land borders: 15,106.70 km (9,386.87 mi)
4,096.70 km (2,545.57 mi)
3,488 km (2,167 mi)
3,323 km (2,065 mi)
1,751 km (1,088 mi)
1,643 km (1,021 mi)
699 km (434 mi)
106 km (66 mi)
Highest point Kangchenjunga
8,586 m (28,169.3 ft)
Lowest point Kuttanad
-2.2 m (−7.2 ft)
he Main Rivers in India
|Name||Length (km)||Originates from||Ends in||Passes through|
|Ganga (Bhagirati)||2,507||Gaumukh||Bay of Bengal||Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal|
|Yamuna (Jamuna)||1370||Garhwal in Yamunotri||Bay of Bengal||Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh|
|Brahmaputra||2,850||Chemayung-Dung glacier, between lake Manasarovar and Mount Kailash||Bay of Bengal||North Eastern states of India|
|Kaveri (Dakshina Ganga” or Ganges of the south)||765||Hills of Coorg, Karnataka||Bay of Bengal||Karnataka and Tamil Nadu|
|Godavari||1,465||Trimbakeshwar near Nasik Hills in Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal||South-easterly direction, through Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh|
|Krishna||900||Near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal||Maharastra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh|
|Narmada||1,300||Amarkantak hill in Madhya Pradesh||Arabian Sea||Maharastra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat|
|Tapti||724||Pachmari, Madhya Pradesh||Arabian Sea||Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat|
|Gomti||805||Himalaya Range of Nepal||Bay of Bengal||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ghaghara||Shivalik mountain range of Himachal Pradesh||Disappears into the Thar Desert||Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan|
|Mahanadi||860||Satpura Range||Bay of Bengal||Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and Maharashtra|
v Himalayas extend 2500 km and covers an area of about 500,000 sq km. It comprises three almost parallel ranges interspersed with large plateaus and Valleys. The Himalayas has some of the world’s highest peaks. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh lie mostly in the Himalayas.
- The world’s highest peak Everest is in the Himalayan ranges (7500m)
v Patkai and other ranges in the north and the north east. Also called the Eastern Ghats, it runs from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. Average elevation is about 610 metres.
v The Vindhya Range is a low mountain range of central India. It extends for a distance of 1050 km and separate the Indo-Gangetic plain from the Deccan Plateau on the south
v The triangular shaped, Satpura Range is in central India. The range rises in eastern Gujarat state near the Arabian Sea coast, running east through Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to Chhattisgarh.
v The Aravalli ranges runs along western India and extends approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state.
v The Sahyadri ranges or the Western ghats range runs along the western border of the Deccan plateau (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu), from the Tapti river near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra to the southern tip of the Indian peninsula (Kanyakumari).
v It runs approximately 1600km. and elevation generally ranges from 915 to 1,220 metres, rising over 2,440 metres in places.
The Indian sub continent has several distinct physical divisions. They can be classified under the following
- The northern mountains ( The Himalayan Mountains): Has some of the tallest peaks in the world which are mostly covered with snow throughout the year. Many big rivers originate from the Himalayas.
- The fertile plains of the Ganga (The Indo- Gangetic Plain): The plains lie to the south of the Himalayas between the Indus and the Ganga river. This region extending from Punjab to Assam is a densely populated area and produces the major part of the country’s food grains and is referred to as the ‘Food Bowl of India‘
- The desert region (The Thar Desert): The north western part of India is made up of the Thar desert and occupies most of Western Rajasthan.
- The plateaus (The Malwa, the Chotanagpur and the Deccan Plateau) : The plateaus are separated from the Northern plains by mountains and hill ranges including the Vindhyas, Aravalli, Satpura, Maikala and Ajanta. The Deccan plateau with its rolling hills and numerous rivers, occupies most part of central and southern India.
- The coastal plains (The Eastern and the Western Coastal Plains): They are narrow strips of plain land that lie on either side along the coast of the peninsula, beyond the ghats. The Eastern Coastal plains includes the Coromandel Coast in the south and the Western Coastal plains includes the Konkan, Kankara, and the Malabar coasts.
- The Two Ghats (Eastern and the Western Ghats): The Ghats are mountain ranges on the east and west coasts of the subcontinent. To the east and west of the Deccan plateau lie the Eastern Ghat and the Western Ghat, respectively.
- The Islands ( The Andaman and Nicobar, the Lakshadweep Islands): Lakshadweep lies in the Arabian Sea on the west of the Indian Peninsula and Andaman and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal on the east.
The Indo gangetic plains, the desert region and the Himalayas together form the North India and the south peninsula with the coastal plains, the two ghats and the Deccan Plateau form the South India.
History of India by period
- South Asian Stone Age (70,000–3300 BCE)
- Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1700 BCE)
- Late Harappan culture (1700–1300 BCE)
- Vedic period (1500–500 BCE)
- Iron Age (1200–300 BCE)
- Middle kingdoms of India (250 BCE–1279 CE)
- Islamic empires in India (1206–1596)
- Hoysala Empire (1040–1346)
- Ahom Kingdom (1228–1826)
- Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646)
- Mughal Empire (1526–1858)
- Maratha Empire (1674–1818)
- Colonial India (1858–1947)
- Partition of India (1947)
- History of Republic of India (1947 – present)
I know every one want to know what is different in INDIA in terms of superlatives.
So, here is something for you !!!
Longest river Ganga
The longest tributary river of India Yamuna
The longest river of the south Godavari
Highest mountain peak Godwin Austin (k2)
Largest lake (Fresh water) Wular lake (Kashmir)
Highest Dam Bhakra Dam (Punjab)
Largest Mosque Jama Masjid, Delhi
Longest Road Grand Trunk Road
State with longest coastline Gujarat
Largest railway route From Jammu to Kanya Kumari
Longest tunnel Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
Longest national highway NH-7which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari
Longest Dam Hirakod Dam (Orissa)
Longest River Bride Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna
Longest populated city Mumbai (1.60 crore)
Largest Museum National Museum, Kolkata
Largest Delta Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal
Largest Dome Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)
Largest Zoo Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata
Largest man-made Lake Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)
Largest Desert Thar (Rajasthan)
Highest Tower Pitampura Tower, Delhi
Smallest State (Area) Goa
Smallest State (Population) Sikkim
Highest Waterfall Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka)
Longest Electric railway line From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna
Densest populated State West Bengal
Largest cave temple Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)
Largest animal Fair Sonepur (Bihar)
Highest Gateway Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)
Biggest Hotel Oberai–Sharaton (Mumbai)
Largest State (Area) Rajasthan
Largest State (Population) Uttar Pradesh
Place of heaviest rainfall Mausinram (Meghalaya)
Largest corridor Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)
Largest cantilever span bride Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)
Largest forest state M.P.
Highest straight gravity Dam Bhakra Dam
Longest Railway Platform Kharagpur (W. Bengal)
Largest Stadium salt Lake (Yuva Bhaeti), Kolkata
Largest Port Mumbai
Highest Lake Devatal (Garhwal)
Largest Lake (Saline water) Chika lake, Orissa
Highest Honour Bharat Ratna
Highest Gallantry Award Paramveer Chakra
Largest Gurudwara Golden Temple, Amritsar
Deepest river valley Bhagirathi & Alaknanda
Longest river which forms estuary Narmada
Largest Church Saint Cathedral (Goa)
Longest Beach Marina Beach, Chennai
Highest Battle field Siachin Glacier
Highest Airport Leh (Laddakh)
Largest river island Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)
Largest Planetarium Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)