Hi dear ones,

INDIA: Geographically

Continent :Asia

Region Southern Asia
Indian subcontinent

Coordinates 21°N 78°E / 21°N 78°E / 21; 78

Area      Ranked 7th
3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219.3 sq mi)
90.44% land
9.56 % water

Borders

Total land borders: 15,106.70 km (9,386.87 mi)
Bangladesh:
4,096.70 km (2,545.57 mi)
China (PRC):
3,488 km (2,167 mi)
Pakistan:
3,323 km (2,065 mi)
Nepal:
1,751 km (1,088 mi)
Myanmar:
1,643 km (1,021 mi)
Bhutan:
699 km (434 mi)
Afghanistan:
106 km (66 mi)

Highest point Kangchenjunga
8,586 m (28,169.3 ft)

Lowest point Kuttanad
-2.2 m (−7.2 ft)

Longest river GangesBrahmaputra

Largest lake

Chilka Lake

 

he Main Rivers in India

Name Length (km) Originates from Ends in Passes through
Ganga (Bhagirati) 2,507 Gaumukh  Bay of Bengal Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal
Yamuna (Jamuna) 1370 Garhwal in Yamunotri Bay of Bengal Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh
Brahmaputra 2,850 Chemayung-Dung glacier, between lake Manasarovar and Mount Kailash Bay of Bengal North Eastern states of India
Kaveri (Dakshina Ganga” or Ganges of the south) 765 Hills of Coorg, Karnataka Bay of Bengal Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Godavari 1,465  Trimbakeshwar near Nasik Hills in Maharashtra Bay of Bengal South-easterly direction, through Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh
Krishna 900 Near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Bay of Bengal Maharastra, Karnataka  and Andhra Pradesh
Narmada 1,300 Amarkantak hill in Madhya Pradesh Arabian Sea Maharastra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat
Tapti 724 Pachmari, Madhya Pradesh Arabian Sea Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat
Gomti  805 Himalaya Range of Nepal Bay of Bengal Uttar Pradesh
Ghaghara   Shivalik mountain range of Himachal Pradesh Disappears into the Thar Desert Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan
Mahanadi 860 Satpura Range Bay of Bengal Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and Maharashtra

 

 

v      Himalayas extend 2500 km and covers an area of about 500,000 sq km. It comprises three almost parallel ranges interspersed with large plateaus and Valleys. The Himalayas has some of the world’s highest peaks. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh lie mostly in the Himalayas.

 

  • The world’s highest peak Everest  is in the Himalayan ranges (7500m)

 

 

v      Patkai and other ranges in the north and the north east. Also called the Eastern Ghats, it runs from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. Average elevation is about 610 metres.

 

v      The Vindhya Range is a low mountain range of central India. It extends for a distance of 1050 km and separate the Indo-Gangetic plain from the Deccan Plateau on the south

 

v      The triangular shaped, Satpura Range is in central India. The range rises in eastern Gujarat state near the Arabian Sea coast, running east through Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to Chhattisgarh.

 

v      The Aravalli ranges runs along western India and extends approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state.

 

v      The Sahyadri ranges or the Western ghats range runs along the western border of the Deccan plateau (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu), from the Tapti river near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra to the southern tip of the Indian peninsula (Kanyakumari).

 

v      It runs approximately 1600km. and elevation generally ranges from 915 to 1,220 metres, rising over 2,440 metres in places.

The Indian sub continent has several distinct physical divisions. They can be classified under the following

 
  • The northern mountains ( The Himalayan Mountains): Has some of the tallest peaks in the world which are mostly covered with snow throughout the year. Many big rivers originate from the Himalayas. 
  • The fertile plains of the Ganga (The Indo- Gangetic Plain): The plains lie to the south of the Himalayas between the Indus and the Ganga river. This region extending from Punjab to Assam is a densely populated area and produces the major part of the country’s food grains and is referred to as the ‘Food Bowl of India
  • The desert region (The Thar Desert): The north western part of India is made up of the Thar desert and occupies most of Western Rajasthan. 
  • The plateaus (The Malwa, the Chotanagpur and the Deccan Plateau) : The plateaus are separated from the Northern plains by mountains and hill ranges including the Vindhyas, Aravalli, Satpura, Maikala and Ajanta. The Deccan plateau with its rolling hills and numerous rivers, occupies most part of central and southern India.
  • The coastal plains (The Eastern and the Western Coastal Plains): They are narrow strips of plain land that lie on either side along the coast of the peninsula, beyond the ghats. The Eastern Coastal plains includes the Coromandel Coast in the south and the Western Coastal plains includes the Konkan, Kankara, and the Malabar coasts.
  • The Two Ghats (Eastern and the Western Ghats): The Ghats are mountain ranges on the east and west coasts of the subcontinent. To the east and west of the Deccan plateau lie the Eastern Ghat and the Western Ghat, respectively.  
  • The Islands ( The Andaman and Nicobar, the Lakshadweep Islands): Lakshadweep lies in the   Arabian Sea on the west of the Indian Peninsula and Andaman and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal on the east.

The Indo gangetic plains, the desert region and the Himalayas together form the North India and the south peninsula with the coastal plains, the two ghats and the Deccan Plateau form the South India.

 

History of India by period

I know every one want to know what is different in INDIA in terms of superlatives.

So, here is something for you  !!!

Longest river                             Ganga

The longest tributary river of India                Yamuna

The longest river of the south                    Godavari

Highest mountain peak                          Godwin Austin (k2)

Largest lake (Fresh water)             Wular lake (Kashmir)

Highest Dam                             Bhakra Dam (Punjab)

Largest Mosque                                   Jama Masjid, Delhi

Longest Road                                       Grand Trunk Road

State with longest coastline                      Gujarat

Largest railway route                              From Jammu to Kanya Kumari

Longest tunnel                                      Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)

Longest national highway             NH-7which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari

Longest Dam                                        Hirakod Dam (Orissa)

Longest River Bride                     Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna

Longest populated city                      Mumbai (1.60 crore)

Largest Museum                                  National Museum, Kolkata

Largest Delta                                        Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal

Largest Dome                                       Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)

Largest Zoo                               Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata

Largest man-made Lake                        Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

Largest Desert                                      Thar (Rajasthan)

Highest Tower                                       Pitampura Tower, Delhi

Smallest State (Area)                               Goa

Smallest State (Population)             Sikkim

Highest Waterfall                         Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka)

Longest Electric railway line                      From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna

Densest populated State                       West Bengal

Largest cave temple                              Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)

Largest animal Fair                       Sonepur (Bihar)

Highest Gateway                                Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)

Biggest Hotel                                        Oberai–Sharaton (Mumbai)

Largest State (Area)                                Rajasthan

Largest State (Population)              Uttar Pradesh

Place of heaviest rainfall               Mausinram (Meghalaya)

Largest corridor                           Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)

Largest cantilever span bride                   Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

Largest forest state                      M.P.

Highest straight gravity Dam                     Bhakra Dam

Longest Railway Platform               Kharagpur (W. Bengal)

Largest Stadium                                salt Lake (Yuva Bhaeti), Kolkata

Largest Port                               Mumbai

Highest Lake                             Devatal (Garhwal)

Largest Lake (Saline water)                       Chika lake, Orissa

Highest Honour                                     Bharat Ratna

Highest Gallantry Award                        Paramveer Chakra

Largest Gurudwara                     Golden Temple, Amritsar

Deepest river valley                               Bhagirathi & Alaknanda

Longest river which forms estuary               Narmada

Largest Church                              Saint Cathedral (Goa)

Longest Beach                                     Marina Beach, Chennai

Highest Battle field                       Siachin Glacier

Highest  Airport                             Leh (Laddakh)

Largest river island                      Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)

Largest Planetarium                                Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)