Archive for January 22, 2010

hi dear ones,

Challenges for Embedded Systems                                        

             The New World of pervasive computing, with millions of computers virtually everywhere, brings new opportunities but also new problems. On a system level, the most important challenges are how to develop and manage the software system, while guaranteeing sufficient quality at acceptable cost.  but which deserves an increased attention to match the problems encountered by industry.

                    The main problem (and strength) with software (compared to hardware) is its flexibility and that it is not governed by any natural laws, except timing. Traditionally, methods that for certain classes of systems can provide timing and Reliability guarantees have been developed. These methods need to be extended and made more generally applicable. Additionally, industry needs research into software and system architectures that can provide appropriate structure, flexibility and infrastructure, while making it possible to guarantee quality at reasonable cost. In several cases this will mean absolute timing and reliability guarantees at virtually no cost.

Specific topics that should be addressed include:

•Correct behavior during the lifecycle. The competitive pressure, together with growing functionality

and complexity of embedded systems, means that such systems cannot be built from scratch each time. Instead, they have to be composed from existing building blocks, often emanating from different vendors. Not only that, as all software systems, they will be updated during their entire lifecycle. These are not PCs where an error causes irritation and often can be corrected with a restart, but systems where an error may have serious and sometimes catastrophic consequences. Research is needed on the dynamic architecture of such complex heterogeneous embedded software systems, as well as on the process on how to build and maintain them.


•The updating process. A growing problem, as the number of embedded computers per person increases, is the maintenance of software systems. There will even be many computers in our appliances that we will not be aware of (and do not want to be aware of), but which require updates and downloads of new software. In many cases the software must be updated “on the fly” while the system is running. This is done already today, but much remains to make these updates safe and cheap enough in many applications. The sheer volume, updating thousands or millions of computers, adds to the updating problem. The only feasible way to handle the volume is to do remote updates over interconnected networks, possible the Internet, from specialized management servers.


•Safety, security and integrity. Correct behavior is the first condition to achieve safety, security and

integrity. But special mechanisms are also needed. The need for safety in a car or a medical device is evident. In most of the embedded systems a huge amount of information will be handled, information to which there is a great number of “interested parties”. The fight for better security, not the least to guard our integrity, will have to be fought constantly. There are, of course, also important challenges on the microelectronics side, including how to minimise power consumption, weight and cost, together with robust integration of different technologies and with mechanical devices. All the above and several additional technical issues are important to address.  Research/graduate education efforts into embedded systems will not only provide competence in this area, but also provide an increased focus on embedded systems in the entire educational system.

hi dear ones,                                                         

GIRL FACTS:                    

When a girl bumps into your arm while walking she wants you to hold her hand

When she wants a hug she will just stand there

When u break a girls heart, she still feels it when u run into each other 3 years later

When a girl is quiet, millions of things are running through her mind.

When a girl is not arguing, she is thinking deeply.

When a girl looks at you with eyes full of questions, she is wondering how long you will be around.

When a girl answers, “I’m fine, ” after a few seconds, she is not at all fine.

When a girl stares at you, she is wondering why you are so wonderful.

When a girl lays her head on your chest, she is wishing for you to be hers forever.

When a girl says that she can’t live without you, she has made up her mind that you are her future.

When a girl says, “I miss you, ” no one in this world can miss you more than that

When a girl is mean to you after a breakup she wants you back, but she’s scared she’ll get hurt and knows you’re gone forever

Guy Facts:                                 

 When a guy calls you, he wants to be with you

When a guy is quiet, He’s listening to you…

When a guy is not arguing, He realizes he’s wrong

When a guy says, “I’m fine, ” after a few minutes, he means it

When a guy stares at you, he wishes you would care about him and wonders if you do

When you’re laying your head on a guy’s chest, he has the world

When a guy calls you everyday, he is in love

When a (good) guy tells you he loves you, he means it

When a guy says he can’t live without you, he’s with you till your done

When a guy says, “I miss you, ” he misses you more than you could have ever missed him or anything else

What guys look for in a Girl           

  1. Guys don’t actually look after good-looking girls. they prefer neat and presentable girls.
  2. Guys hate other flirts.
  3. A guy can like you for a minute, and then forget you afterwards.
  4. When a guy says he doesn’t understand you, it simply means you’re not thinking the way he is.
  5. Are you doing something?” or “Have you eaten already?” are the first usual questions a guy asks on the phone just to get out from stammering.
  6. Guys may be flirting around all day but before they go to sleep, they always think about the girl they truly care about.
  7. When a guy really likes you, he’ll disregard all your bad characteristics.
  8. Guys go crazy over a girl’s smile.
  9. Guys will do anything just to get the girl’s attention.
  10. Guys hate it when you talk about your ex-boyfriend.
  11. When guys want to meet your parents. Let them. …….dont think so
  12. Guys want to tell you many things but they can’t. And they have one habit to gain courage and spirit to tell you many things and it is drinking! but do not generalise
  13. Guys cry!!!
  14. Don’t provoke the guy to heat up. Believe me. He will.
  15. Guys can never dream and hope too much.
  16. Guys usually try hard to get the girl who has dumped them, and this makes it harder for them to accept their defeat.
  17. When you touch a guy’s heart, there’s no turning back.
  18. Giving a guy a hanging message like “You know what?!..uh…never mind!” would make him jump to a conclusion that is far from what you are thinking.
  19. Guys go crazy when girls touch their hands……yeh rite – watever.
  20. Guys are good flatterers when courting but they usually stammer when they talk to a girl they really like.
  21. When a guy makes a prolonged “umm” or makes any excuses when you’re asking him to do you a favor, he’s actually saying that he doesn’t like you and he can’t lay down the card for you.
  22. When a girl says “no”, a guy hears it as “try again tomorrow”. ……so true.
  23. You have to tell a guy what you really want before he gets the message clearly.
  24. Guys hate gays!
  25. Guys love their moms.
  26. A guy would sacrifice his money for lunch just to get you a couple of roses.
  27. A guy often thinks about the girl who likes him. But this doesn’t mean that the guy likes her.
  28. You can never understand him unless you listen to him.
  29. If a guy tells you he loves you once in a lifetime. He does.
  30. Beware. Guys can make gossips scatter through half of the face of the earth faster than girls can.
  31. Like Eve, girls are guys’ weaknesses.
  32. Guys are very open about themselves.
  33. It’s good to test a guy first before you believe him. But don’t let him wait that long.
  34. No guy is bad when he is courting
  35. Guys hate it when their clothes get dirty. Even a small dot.
  36. Guys really admire girls that they like even if they’re not that much pretty.
  37. Your best friend, whom your boyfriend seeks help from about his problems with you may end up being admired by your boyfriend.
  38. If a guy tells you about his problems, he just needs someone to listen to him. You don’t need to give advice…….very true.
  39. A usual act that proves that the guy likes you is when he teases you.
  40. A guy finds ways to keep you off from linking with someone else.
  41. Guys love girls with brains more than girls in miniskirts. ……..sumtimes.
  42. Guys try to find the stuffed toy a girl wants but would unluckily get the wrong one.
  43. Guys virtually brag about anything.
  44. Guys cannot keep secrets that girls tell them.
  45. Guys think too much.
  46. Guys’ fantasies are unlimited.
  47. Girls’ height doesn’t really matter to a guy but her weight does!……very true.
  48. Guys tend to get serious with their relationship and become too possessive. So watch out girls!!!
  49. When a girl makes the boy suffer during courtship, it would be hard for him to let go of that girl.
  50. It’s not easy for a guy to let go of his girlfriend after they broke up especially when they’ve been together for 3 years or more.
  51. You have to tell a guy what you really want before getting involved with that guy.
  52. A guy has to experience rejection, because if he’s too-good-never-been-busted, never been in love and hurt, he won’t be matured and grow up.
  53. When an unlikable circumstance comes, guys blame themselves a lot more than girls do. They could even hurt themselves physically.
  54. Guys have strong passion to change but have weak will power.
  55. Guys are tigers in their peer groups but become tamed P**** with their girlfriends…..sumtimes depends wen they want sumat.
  56. When a guy pretends to be calm, check if he’s sweating. You’ll probably see that he is nervous.
  57. When a guy says he is going crazy about the girl. He really is.
  58. When a guy asks you to leave him alone, he’s just actually saying, “Please come and listen to me”……sumtimes.
  59. Guys don’t really have final decisions.
  60. When a guy loves you, bring out the best in him.
  61. If a guy starts to talk seriously, listen to him….very important.
  62. If a guy has been kept shut or silent, say something.
  63. Guys believe that there’s no such thing as love at first sight, but court the girls anyway and then realize at the end that he is wrong.
  64. Guys like femininity not feebleness.
  65. Guys don’t like girls who punch harder than they do.
  66. A guy may instantly know if the girl likes him but can never be sure unless the girl tells him.
  67. A guy would waste his time over video games and football, the way a girl would do over her romance novels and make-ups.
  68. Guys love girls who can cook or bake. ….they love u regardless.
  69. Guys like girls who are like their moms. No kidding!……true but only wen the guys are ready 2be settled down.
  70. A guy has more problems than you can see with your naked eyes.
  71. A guy’s friend knows everything about him. Use this to your advantage.
  72. Don’t be a snob. Guys may easily give up on the first sign of rejection.
  73. Don’t be biased. Try loving a guy without prejudice and you’ll be surprised.
  74. Girls who bathe in their eau de perfumes do more repelling than attracting guys.
  75. Guys are more talkative than girls are especially when the topic is about girls.
  76. Guys don’t comprehend the statement “Get lost” too well.
  77. Guys really think that girls are strange and have unpredictable decisions but still love them more.
  78. When a guy gives a crooked or pretentious grin at your jokes, he finds them offending and he just tried to be polite.
  79. Guys don’t care about how shiny their shoes are unlike girls.
  80. Guys tend to generalize about girls but once they get to know them, they’ll realize they’re wrong.
  81. Any guy can handle his problems all by his own. He’s just too stubborn to deal with it.
  82. Guys find it so objectionable when a girl swears.
  83. Guys’ weakest point is at the knee.
  84. When a problem arises, a guy usually keeps himself cool but is already thinking of a way out.
  85. When a guy is conscious of his looks, it shows he is not good at fixing things.
  86. When a guy looks at you, either he’s amazed by you or he’s criticizing you.
  87. When you catch him cheating on you and he asks for a second chance, give it to him. But when you catch him again and he asks for another chance, ignore him.
  88. If a guy lets you go, he really loves you.
  89. If you have a boyfriend, and your boy best friend always glances at you and it obviously shows that he is jealous whenever you’re with your boyfriend, all I can say is your boy best friend loves you more than your boyfriend does.
  90. Guys learn from experience not from the romance books that girls read and take as their basis of experience.
  91. You can tell if a guy is really hurt or in pain when he cries in front of you!
  92. If a guy suddenly asks you for a date, ask him first why.
  93. When a guy says he can’t sleep if he doesn’t hear your voice even just for one night, hang up. He also tells that to another girl. He only flatters you and sometimes makes fun of you.
  94. You can truly say that a guy has good intentions if you see him praying sometimes.
  95. Guys seek for advice not from a guy but from a girl.
  96. Girls are allowed to touch boys’ things. Not their hair!
  97. If a guy says you’re beautiful, that guy likes you.
  98. Guys hate girls who overreact. ……sumtimes.
  99. Guys love you more than you love them IF they are serious in your relationships.


 hi dear ones,

   Indian Railways Interesting Facts

First Passenger Train Ran On: 16th April 1853 (between Bombay to Thane)
First Railway Bridge: Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route
First Rail Tunnel: Parsik Tunnel
First Ghats Covered by Rail Lines: Thal and Bhore Ghats
First Underground Railway: Calcutta METRO
First Computerized Reservation System Started In: New Delhi (1986)
First Electric Train Ran On: 3rd Feb’ 1925 (between Bombay VT and Kurla)
Toilets on Trains Introduced In: 1891 (1st Class) & 1907 (lower classes)
Shortest Station Name: Ib (Orissa)
Longest Station Name: Sri Venkatanarasimharajuvariapeta (Tamil Nadu)
Busiest Railway Station: Lucknow (64 trains everyday)
Longest Run (Time): Himsagar Express (3751 km in 74 hrs and 55 min)
Shortest Run: Route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km)
Longest Run for Daily Train: Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)
Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance): Trivandrum Rajdhani (528 km in 6.5 hrs)
Longest Railway Platform in the World: Kharagpur (2,733 ft in length)
Longest Railway Bridge: Nehru Setu on Sone River (10044ft in length)
Longest Tunnel: Karbude Tunnel of the Konkan Railway (6.5 km)
Oldest Preserved Locomotive: Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order
Gauges of Track: 4 Gauges; BG (5’6″), MG (1 metre), NG (2)
IR Daily Runs: About 14,000 trains
IR Daily Carries: More than 11 million passengers & 1 million tonnes of freight
IR’s Only Line with Rack & Pinion System: From Mettupalayam to Conoor
IR’s Fastest Train: Bhopal-Shatabdi (runs at a speed up to 140 Km/ph)
Railway Station with all the Three Gauges: Siliguri Railway Station
Route Kilometers of Track: More than 62,000 kms
People Employed in IR: About 1.6 million people
Train with Maximum Number of Halts: Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)
Trains without Commercial Halts: Sampoorna Kranti Express, Howrah Rajdhani, Bombay Rajdhani, Pragati Express and Pune Shatabdi
Stations across State Lines: Navapur (Maharashtra and Gujarat), Bhawani Mandi (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)
Classes of Travel on Indian Railway: Ist AC, 2nd AC, 3rd AC, AC Chair Car 2nd sleeper & 2nd ordinary

 Now lets ride it………………………..                        

Hi dear ones,

How to Behave at the Dining Table                           

  1. Posture: Sit up straight at the table, never lean backward, nor forward and also never let the elbows touch the table. This makes a good impression. When you are not eating, keep your hands on your lap or rest on the table.
  2. “Please” and “Thank you” are basic manners at the table: Say “Please” when asking people to pass you something and “Thank you” when you receive something.
  3. The best way to use a napkin: The napkin should be placed on the lap to catch crumbs or drips while eating food and should be kept back on the table neatly, after the meal is finished.
  4. Food is passed at a family meal by the head of the family or the host/hostess: It is often passed in a counterclockwise movement around the table.
  5. Wait for others to start eating. In many homes they say a prayer first.
  6. It is best to order foods that can be eaten with a knife and a fork. Finger foods can be messy and are best left for informal dining.
  7. The only way to eat is slowly and quietly. Chew small bites of food and swallow with the mouth closed.
  8. Smoking should not be done while dining out.
  9. One should avoid touching nose, teeth and combing hair while dinning.

10.  The table and tablecloth should be kept clean. Do not put bones or any other morsels on the table.

11.  Avoid spitting anything out. If there is something in the mouth, which can’t be swallowed, quietly put it in a paper napkin and then continue. (e.g. bones, seeds, etc.)

12.  End the meal properly. When a person has finished eating, the fork and the knife are placed diagonally crossed across the plate, this is the best way to inform the server that you have finished eating.

13.  When you have finished eating, express appreciation for the meal. You can perhaps say “What a delicious meal! Thank you so much.” And then wait for all to be finished before leaving the table.

To handle some of the unfortunate and embarrassing moments while eating food, following are some tips:

  1. If some beverage or food is spilled on some guest while eating: The best way is to handle the situation with a calm and quiet frame of mind. Apologize first and then using the cloth napkin and water wipe it gently or else gently guide the guest to the wash room.
  2. When a bug appears: If a bug or anything of that sort appears in your salad etc. quietly send it back but do not point it out because it might ruin the entire dinner for the rest of the people.
  3. To remove a distasteful food item from the mouth: The food should be removed in the napkin discreetly and the food morsel should be kept out of view from others.
  4. If a piece of silverware falls onto the floor: It should be picked up if one can reach it and the server should be told to replenish it with a clean one.
  5. Some food items can be eaten with fingers: Some food tastes better when eaten with fingers. So you can eat with your fingers provided you use just the first two segments of the thumb, the index and middle fingers to pop the food into the mouth. Avoid licking fingers after finishing the food. Food should be always eaten with right hand.

we are ready to eat now.