Archive for December 26, 2009


  • Earliest known precise celestial calculations: Aryabhata, an Indian Mathematician (c. 500AD) accurately calculated celestial constants like earth’s rotation per solar orbit, days per solar orbit, days per lunar orbit.
  • Astronomical time spans: Apart from the peoples of the Mayan civilization, the ancient Hindus appear to be the only people who even thought beyond a few thousand years. Hindu scriptures refer to time scales that vary from ordinary earth day and night to the day and night of the Brahma that are a few billion earth years long.
  • Theory of creation of the universe: A 9th century Hindu scripture, The Mahapurana by Jinasena claims that the world is uncreated, as time itself is, without beginning and end. And it is based on principles.
  • Earth goes round the sun: Aryabhata, it so happens, was apparently quite sceptical of the widely held doctrines about eclipses and also about the belief that the Sun goes round the Earth. As early as the sixth century, he talked of the diurnal motion of the earth and the appearance of the Sun going round it.
  • Binary System of number representation: A Mathematician named Pingala (c. 100BC) developed a system of binary enumeration convertible to decimal numerals. He described the system in his book called Chandahshaastra. The system he described is quite similar to that of Leibnitz, who was born in the 17th century.
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  • Earliest and only known Modern Language: Panini (c 400BC), in his Astadhyayi, gave formal production rules and definitions to describe Sanskrit grammar. Starting with about 1700 fundamental elements, like nouns, verbs, vowels and consonents, he put them into classes. The construction of sentences, compound nouns etc. was explained as ordered rules operating on underlying fundamental structures.
  • Invention of Zero: Although ancient Babylonians were known to have used what is often called “place holders” to distinguish between numbers like 809 and 89, they were nothing more than blank spaces or at times two wedge shapes like”. The first notions of zero as a number and its uses have been found in ancient Mathematical treatise from India.
  • The word “Algorithm”: Al-Khwarizmi’s work, De numero indorum (Concerning the Hindu Art of Reckoning), was based presumably on an Arabic translation of Brahmagupta where he gave a full account of the Hindu numerals which was the first to expound the system with its digits 0,1,2,3,…,9 and decimal place value which was a fairly recent arrival from India. The new notation came to be known as that of al-Khwarizmi, or more carelessly, algorismi; ultimately the scheme of numeration making use of the Hindu numerals came to be called simply algorism or algorithm, a word that, originally derived from the name al-Khwarizmi.
  • Representing Large numbers: Mathematicians in India invented the base ten system in ancient times. But research did not stop there. The practice of representing large numbers also evolved in ancient India. notion of representing large numbers as powers of 10, one that was invented in India, turned out to be extremely handy

Please read it thoroughly and try to understand its whole meaning.

।। प्रार्थना ।।
नमस्ते सदा वत्सले मातृभूमे
त्वया हिन्दुभूमे सुखं वर्धितोहम् ।
महामङ्गले पुण्यभूमे त्वदर्थे
पतत्वेष कायो नमस्ते नमस्ते ।।१।।

प्रभो शक्तिमन् हिन्दुराष्ट्राङ्गभूता
इमे सादरं त्वां नमामो वयम्
त्वदीयाय कार्याय बध्दा कटीयं
शुभामाशिषं देहि तत्पूर्तये ।
अजय्यां च विश्वस्य देहीश शक्तिं
सुशीलं जगद्येन नम्रं भवेत्
श्रुतं चैव यत्कण्टकाकीर्ण मार्गं
स्वयं स्वीकृतं नः सुगं कारयेत् ।।२।।

समुत्कर्षनिःश्रेयस्यैकमुग्रं
परं साधनं नाम वीरव्रतम्
तदन्तः स्फुरत्वक्षया ध्येयनिष्ठा
हृदन्तः प्रजागर्तु तीव्रानिशम् ।
विजेत्री च नः संहता कार्यशक्तिर्
विधायास्य धर्मस्य संरक्षणम् ।
परं वैभवं नेतुमेतत् स्वराष्ट्रं
समर्था भवत्वाशिषा ते भृशम् ।।३।।
भारत माता की जय ।।

Meaning Of The RSS Prarthana (Prayer) – In Shri Guruji’s (Madhav Sadashiv Golvalkar’s) words

Forever I bow to thee, O Loving Motherland! O Motherland of us Hindus, Thou hast brought me up in happiness. May my life, O great and blessed Holy Land, be laid down in Thy Cause. I bow to Thee again and again.

We the children of the Hindu Nation bow to Thee in reverence, O Almighty God. We have girded up our loins to carry on Thy work. Give us Thy holy blessings for its fulfillment. O Lord! Grant us such might as no power on earth can ever challenge, such purity of character as would command the respect of the whole world and such knowledge as would make easy the thorny path that we have voluntarily chosen.

May we be inspired with the spirit of stern heroism, that is sole and ultimate means of attaining the highest spiritual bliss with the greatest temporal prosperity. May intense and everlasting devotion to our ideal ever enthuse our hearts. May our victorious organised power of action, by Thy Grace, be wholly capable of protecting our dharma and leading this nation of ours to the highest pinnacle of glory.
।। भारत माता की जय ।।

प्रार्थनेचा अर्थ
हे वत्सल मातृभूमे, मी तुला सदैव नमस्कार करतो. हे हिन्दुभूमे, तू माझे सुखाने पालनपोषण केलेले आहेस. हे महामंगलमयी पुण्यभूमे, तुझ्यासाठी माझा हा देह समर्पण होवो. मी तुला पुनःपुन्हा वंदन करतो.

हे सर्व शक्तिमान परमेश्वरा, हिंदुराष्ट्राचे आम्ही पुत्र तुला सादर प्रणाम करतो. तुझ्याच कार्यासाठी आम्ही कटिबध्द झालो आहोत. त्या कार्याच्या पूर्ततेसाठी आम्हाला तू शुभाशीर्वाद दे. हे प्रभू, आम्हाला अशी शक्ती दे की, जिला आव्हान देण्याचे धैर्य जगातील अन्य कुणा शक्तीला व्हावयाचे नाही. असे शुध्द चारित्र्य दे की, ज्या चारित्र्यामुळे संपूर्ण विश्व नतमस्तक होईल आणि असे ज्ञान दे की, ज्यामुळे आम्ही स्वतः होऊन पत्करलेला हा काट्याकुट्यांनी भरलेला मार्ग सुगम होईल.

उच्च असे आध्यात्मिक सुख आणि महानतम अशी ऐहिक समृध्दी प्राप्त करण्याचे एकमेव श्रेष्ठतम असे साधन असलेली उग्र अशी वीरव्रताची भावना आमच्यात सदैव उत्स्फूर्त होत राहो. तीव्र आणि अखंड अशी ध्येयनिष्ठा आमच्या अंतःकरणात सदैव जागती राहो. तुझ्या कृपेने आमची ही विजयशालिनी संघटीत कार्यशक्ती आमच्या धर्माचे संरक्षण करून या राष्ट्राला वैभवाच्या उच्चतम शिखरावर पोहोचविण्यास समर्थ होवो.

।। भारत माता की जय ।।

एकात्मता स्तोत्रम्‌
ॐ नमः सच्चिदानंदरूपाय परमात्मने
ज्योतिर्मयस्वरूपाय विश्वमांगल्यमूर्तये॥१॥

प्रकृतिः पंचभूतानि ग्रहलोकस्वरास्तथा
दिशः कालश्च सर्वेषां सदा कुर्वंतु मंगलम्‌॥२॥

रत्नाकराधौतपदां हिमालयकिरीटिनीम्‌
ब्रह्मराजर्षिरत्नाढ्याम् वन्दे भारतमातरम्‌ ॥३॥

महेंद्रो मलयः सह्यो देवतात्मा हिमालयः
ध्येयो रैवतको विन्ध्यो गिरिश्चारावलिस्तथा ॥४॥

गंगा सरस्वती सिंधु ब्रह्मपुत्राश्च गंदकी
कावेरी यमुना रेवा कृष्णा गोदा महानदी ॥५॥

अयोध्या मथुरा माया काशी कांची अवंतिका
वैशाली द्वारका ध्येया पुरी तक्शशिला गया ॥६॥

प्रयागः पाटलीपुत्रं विजयानगरं महत्‌
इंद्रप्रस्थं सोमनाथस्तथामृतसरः प्रियम्‌॥७॥

चतुर्वेदाः पुराणानि सर्वोपनिषदस्तथा
रामायणं भारतं च गीता षड्दर्शनानि च ॥८॥

जैनागमास्त्रिपिटकः गुरुग्रन्थः सतां गिरः
एष ज्ञाननिधिः श्रेष्ठः श्रद्धेयो हृदि सर्वदा॥९॥

अरुन्धत्यनसूय च सावित्री जानकी सती
द्रौपदी कन्नगे गार्गी मीरा दुर्गावती तथा ॥१०॥

लक्ष्मी अहल्या चन्नम्मा रुद्रमाम्बा सुविक्रमा
निवेदिता सारदा च प्रणम्य मातृ देवताः ॥११॥

श्री रामो भरतः कृष्णो भीष्मो धर्मस्तथार्जुनः
मार्कंडेयो हरिश्चन्द्र प्रह्लादो नारदो ध्रुवः ॥१२॥

हनुमान्‌ जनको व्यासो वसिष्ठश्च शुको बलिः
दधीचि विश्वकर्माणौ पृथु वाल्मीकि भार्गवः ॥१३॥

भगीरथश्चैकलव्यो मनुर्धन्वन्तरिस्तथा
शिबिश्च रन्तिदेवश्च पुराणोद्गीतकीर्तयः ॥१४॥

बुद्ध जिनेन्द्र गोरक्शः पाणिनिश्च पतंजलिः
शंकरो मध्व निंबार्कौ श्री रामानुज वल्लभौ ॥१५॥

झूलेलालोथ चैतन्यः तिरुवल्लुवरस्तथा
नायन्मारालवाराश्च कंबश्च बसवेश्वरः ॥१६॥

देवलो रविदासश्च कबीरो गुरु नानकः
नरसी तुलसीदासो दशमेषो दृढव्रतः ॥१७॥

श्रीमच्छङ्करदेवश्च बंधू सायन माधवौ
ज्ञानेश्वरस्तुकाराम रामदासः पुरन्दरः ॥१८॥

बिरसा सहजानन्दो रमानन्दस्तथा महान्‌
वितरन्तु सदैवैते दैवीं षड्गुणसंपदम्‌ ॥१९॥

रविवर्मा भातखंडे भाग्यचन्द्रः स भोपतिः
कलावंतश्च विख्याताः स्मरणीया निरंतरम्‌ ॥२०॥

भरतर्षिः कालिदासः श्रीभोजो जनकस्तथा
सूरदासस्त्यागराजो रसखानश्च सत्कविः ॥२१॥

अगस्त्यः कंबु कौन्डिण्यौ राजेन्द्रश्चोल वंशजः
अशोकः पुश्य मित्रश्च खारवेलः सुनीतिमान्‌ ॥२२॥

चाणक्य चन्द्रगुप्तौ च विक्रमः शालिवाहनः
समुद्रगुप्तः श्रीहर्षः शैलेंद्रो बप्परावलः ॥२३॥

लाचिद्भास्कर वर्मा च यशोधर्मा च हूणजित्‌
श्रीकृष्णदेवरायश्च ललितादित्य उद्बलः ॥२४॥

मुसुनूरिनायकौ तौ प्रतापः शिव भूपतिः
रणजितसिंह इत्येते वीरा विख्यात विक्रमाः ॥२५॥

वैज्ञानिकाश्च कपिलः कणादः शुश्रुतस्तथा
चरको भास्कराचार्यो वराहमिहिर सुधीः ॥२६॥

नागार्जुन भरद्वाज आर्यभट्टो वसुर्बुधः
ध्येयो वेंकट रामश्च विज्ञा रामानुजायः ॥२७॥

रामकृष्णो दयानंदो रवींद्रो राममोहनः
रामतीर्थोऽरविंदश्च विवेकानंद उद्यशः ॥२८॥

दादाभाई गोपबंधुः टिळको गांधी रादृताः
रमणो मालवीयश्च श्री सुब्रमण्य भारती ॥२९॥

सुभाषः प्रणवानंदः क्रांतिवीरो विनायकः
ठक्करो भीमरावश्च फुले नारायणो गुरुः ॥३०॥

संघशक्ति प्रणेतारौ केशवो माधवस्तथा
स्मरणीय सदैवैते नवचैतन्यदायकाः ॥३१॥

अनुक्ता ये भक्ताः प्रभुचरण संसक्तहृदयाः
अविज्ञाता वीरा अधिसमरमुद्ध्वस्तरि पवः
समाजोद्धर्तारः सुहितकर विज्ञान निपुणाः
नमस्तेभ्यो भूयात्सकल सुजनेभ्यः प्रतिदिनम्‌ ॥ ३२॥

इदमेकात्मता स्तोत्रं श्रद्धया यः सदा पठेत्‌
स राष्ट्रधर्म निष्ठावानखंडं भारतं स्मरेत्‌ ॥३३॥

ekaatmataa stotram.h

AUM namaH sachchidaana.ndaruupaaya paramaatmane
jyotirmayasvaruupaaya vishvamaa.ngalyamuurtaye 1

prakR^itiH pa.nchabhuutaani grahalokasvaraastathaa
dishaH kaalashcha sarveshhaa.n sadaa kurva.ntu ma.ngalam.h 2

ratnaakaraadhautapadaa.n himaalayakiriiTiniim.h
brahmaraajarshhiratnaaDhyaam vande bhaaratamaataram.h 3

mahe.ndro malayaH sahyo devataatmaa himaalayaH
dhyeyo raivatako vindhyo girishchaaraavalistathaa 4

ga.ngaa sarasvatii si.ndhu brahmaputraashcha ga.ndakii
kaaverii yamunaa revaa kR^ishhNaa godaa mahaanadii 5

ayodhyaa mathuraa maayaa kaashii kaa.nchii ava.ntikaa
vaishaalii dwaarakaa dhyeyaa purii takshashilaa gayaa 6

prayaagaH paaTaliiputra.n vijayaanagaraM mahat.h
i.ndraprastha.n somanaathastathaamR^itasaraH priyam.h 7

chaturvedaaH puraaNaani sarvopaniShadastathaa
raamaayaNaM bhaarata.n cha giitaa ShaDdarshanaani cha 8

jainaagamaastripiTakaH gurugranthaH sataa.n giraH
eshha GYaananidhiH shreShThaH shraddheyo hR^idi sarvadaa 9

arundhatyanasuuya cha saavitrii jaanakii satii
draupadii kannagee gaargii miiraa durgaavatii tathaa 10

laxmii ahalyaa channammaa rudramaambaa suvikramaa
niveditaa saaradaa cha praNamya maatR^i devataaH 11

shrii raamo bharataH kR^ishhNo bhiishhmo dharmastathaarjunaH
maarka.nDeyo harishchandra prahlaado naarado dhruvaH 12

hanumaan.h janako vyaaso vasishhThashcha shuko baliH
dadhiichi vishvakarmaaNau pR^ithu vaalmiiki bhaargavaH 13

bhagiirathashchaikalavyo manurdhanvantaristathaa
shibishcha rantidevashcha puraaNodgiitakiirtayaH 14

buddha jinendra gorakshaH paaNinishcha pata.njaliH
sha.nkaro madhva niMbaarkau shrii raamaanuja vallabhau 15

jhuulelaalotha chaitanyaH tiruvalluvarastathaa
naayanmaaraalavaaraashcha kaMbashcha basaveshvaraH 16

devalo ravidaasashcha kabiiro guru naanakaH
narasii tulasiidaaso dashameshho dR^iDhavrataH 17

shriimachchhaN^karadevashcha ba.ndhuu saayana maadhavau
GYaaneshwarastukaaraama raamadaasaH purandaraH 18

birasaa sahajaanando ramaanandastathaa mahaan.h
vitarantu sadaivaite daivii.n ShaDguNasaMpadam.h 19

ravivarmaa bhaatakha.nDe bhaagyachandraH sa bhoopatiH
kalaava.ntashcha vikhyaataaH smaraNiiyaa nira.ntaram.h 20

bharatarshhiH kaalidaasaH shriibhojo janakastathaa
suuradaasastyaagaraajo rasakhaanashcha satkaviH 21

agastyaH kaMbu kaunDiNyau raajendrashchola va.nshajaH
ashokaH pushya mitrashcha khaaravelaH suniitimaan.h 22

chaaNakya chandraguptau cha vikramaH shaalivaahanaH
samudraguptaH shriiharshhaH shaile.ndro bapparaavalaH 23

laachidbhaaskara varmaa cha yashodharmaa cha huuNajit.h
shriikR^ishhNadevaraayashcha lalitaaditya udbalaH 24

musunuurinaayakau tau prataapaH shiva bhuupatiH
raNajitasi.nha ityete viiraa vikhyaata vikramaaH 25

vaiGYaaanikaashcha kapilaH kaNaadaH shushrutastathaa
charako bhaaskaraachaaryo varaahamihira sudhiiH 26

naagaarjuna bharadwaaja aaryabhaTTo vasurbudhaH
dhyeyo ve.nkaTa raamashcha viGYaa raamaanujaayaH 27

raamakR^ishhNo dayaana.ndo ravii.ndro raamamohanaH
raamatiirtho.aravi.ndashcha vivekaana.nda udyashaH 28

daadaabhaa_ii gopaba.ndhuH TiLako gaa.ndhii raadR^itaaH
ramaNo maalaviiyashcha shrii subramaNya bhaaratii 29

subhaashhaH praNavaana.ndaH kraa.ntiviiro vinaayakaH
Thakkaro bhiimaraavashcha phule naaraayaNo guruH 30

sa.nghashakti praNetaarau keshavo maadhavastathaa
smaraNiiya sadaivaite navachaitanyadaayakaaH 31

anuktaa ye bhaktaaH prabhucharaNa sa.nsaktahR^idayaaH
aviGYaataa viiraa adhisamaramuddhvastari pavaH
samaajoddhartaaraH suhitakara viGYaana nipuNaaH
namastebhyo bhuuyaatsakala sujanebhyaH pratidinam.h 32

idamekaatmataa stotra.n shraddhayaa yaH sadaa paThet.h
sa raashhTradharma nishhThaavaanakha.nDaM bhaarata.n smaret.h 33

यं वैदिका मन्त्रदृशः पुराणाः इन्द्रं यमं मातरिश्वा नमाहुः।
वेदान्तिनो निर्वचनीयमेकम् यं ब्रह्म शब्देन विनिर्दिशन्ति॥

शैवायमीशं शिव इत्यवोचन् यं वैष्णवा विष्णुरिति स्तुवन्ति।
बुद्धस्तथार्हन् इति बौद्ध जैनाः सत् श्री अकालेति च सिख्ख सन्तः॥

शास्तेति केचित् कतिचित् कुमारः स्वामीति मातेति पितेति भक्त्या।
यं प्रार्थन्यन्ते जगदीशितारम् स एक एव प्रभुरद्वितीयः॥

English Transliteration:
yaṁ vaidikā mantradṛśaḥ purāṇāḥ indraṁ yamaṁ mātariśvā namāhuḥ |
edāntino nirvacanīyamekam yaṁ brahma śabdena vinirdiśanti ||

śaivāyamīśaṁ śiva ityavocan yaṁ vaiṣṇavā viṣṇuriti stuvanti |
buddhastathārhan iti bauddha jaināḥ sat śrī akāleti ca sikhkha santaḥ ||

śāsteti kecit katicit kumāraḥ svāmīti māteti piteti bhaktyā |
yaṁ prārthanyante jagadīśitāram sa eka eva prabhuradvitīyaḥ ||

Meaning:
Whom (Yam) the Vaidika Mantradrashah (those who have understood the Vedas and to whom the mantras were revealed), the Puranas (stories and history of ancient times) and other sacred scrip­tures call: Indram (Indra, the God of Gods), Yamam (Yama, the eternal timeless God) and Mātariśvā (present everywhere like air). Whom the Vedāntins (those who follow the philosophy of Vedānta), indicate by the word Brahma as the One (ekam) which cannot be described or explained (Nirvachaniya).

Whom the Śaivas call (Avochan) the Omnipotent (Yamisham) Śiva and Vaishnavas praise (stuvanti) as Vishnu, the Buddhists and Jains (Baudhajainaha) respectively call as Buddha and Arhant (without any end), whom the Sikh sages (Sikh-santaha) call Sat Śrī Akāl (the timeless Truth).

Some (kecit) call Whom as Śāstā, others (katicit) Kumāra, some call It Swāmī (Lord of the Universe and protector of all), some Mātā (divine mother) or Pitā (father). To whom they offer prayers, It (Sa) is the same and the only One (Eka Eva), without a second (advitiyah