Archive for February, 2010


hi dear ones,

The relationship of the languages is determined by resemblances between
them. These are of two kinds: Resemblances of vocabulary and of grammatical
structure.

A few examples of similarities between Indo-European words.

Sanskrit Latin English Greek
Pitar Pater Father Patros
Matar Mater Mother Matros
Pancha Quinque Five Pente
Sapta Septem Seven Hepta
Dasan Decem Decimal
or Ten
Deka
Bhurja   Birch  
Pac   Bake Pesso
Madhu
Sweet
  Mead Methu
Asti Est Is Esti
Damas Domus Domicile Domos
Bharami
bear (a burden etc)
Fero Bear Phero
Aham Ego Ego Ego
Dwaar   Door  
Braata   Brother  
Astau Okto Eight Okto
Trayas tres Three
or Tri
Treis
Ayas   Iron  
Vrkas   Wulf
old English for wolf)
Lukhos
Eka Oinos One Oinos
Dva Duo Two Duo
Chatvaras Quattuor Four Tettores
Sas Sex Six Hex
Nava Novem Nine Ennea
Patha   Path  
Sarpa   Serpent  
Gow   Cow  
Mooshak Muus Mouse
Muus old English
Muus
Svasri   Sister  
Sun   Son  
Danta   Dental  
Surya   Sun  
Taru   Tree  
Shani -Slow moving planet   Saturn  
Unapexita   Unexpected  
Sanskrit Latin English Greek
Hard-Hriday   Heart  
Nabhi   Navel  
Agni Ignis Ignite  
Hantar (killer)   Hunter  
Naas,Nasika Naas Nose (nasal)  
Nisha   Night  
Vahan   Vehicle  
Yog   Yoke (to join)  
Pratham   Proto (first)  
Vacha   Vocal  
Hasta   Hand  
Santa   Saint  
Kroora   Cruel  
Tat (Tat Tvam Asi)   That  
Janan (generate)   Generate  
Loka (place)   Location  
Daman   Dominate  
Tri-kona-miti   Trigonometry Trigonometry
Mia (Me)   Me  
Mana   Mind  
Asi   Yes Si?
Axa   Axis  
Duhita   Daughter  
Sweda   Sweat  
Para Para Pre-fix e.g.’Para-psychology’  
Peen (pointed)   Pin  
Kedar   Cedar(tree)  
Widhur   Widow  
Katika   Cart  
Prithak   Part (section)  
Nau
Boat
  Navy  
Vid=know
Vidya=knowledge
Veda=knowledge based scriptures
Videre Witan(old English) Be aware
Wit-  Wise
 

hi dear ones,

Chakra                

It can be YOU !!!!

Each chakra in your spinal column is believed to influence or even govern bodily functions near its region of the spine. Because autopsies do not reveal chakras, most people think they are a fancy of fertile imagination. Yet their existence is well documented in the traditions of the far east…

Chakras, as described above, are energy centres along the spine located at major branchings of the human nervous system, beginning at the base of the spinal column and moving upward to the top of the skull. Chakras are considered to be a point or nexus of biophysical energy or prana of the human body. Shumsky states that “prana is the basic component of your subtle body, your energy field, and the entire chakra system…the key to life and source of energy in the universe.”

The following seven primary chakras are commonly described:

  1. Muladhara (Sanskrit: मूलाधार, Mūlādhāra) Base or Root Chakra (last bone in spinal cord *coccyx*)
  2. Swadhisthana (Sanskrit: स्वाधिष्ठान, Svādhiṣṭhāna) Sacral Chakra (ovaries/prostate)
  3. Manipura (Sanskrit: मणिपूर, Maipūra) Solar Plexus Chakra (navel area)
  4. Anahata (Sanskrit: अनाहत, Anāhata) Heart Chakra (heart area)
  5. Vishuddha (Sanskrit: विशुद्ध, Viśuddha) Throat Chakra (throat and neck area)
  6. Ajna (Sanskrit: आज्ञा, Ājñā) Brow or Third Eye Chakra (pineal gland or third eye)
  7. Sahasrara (Sanskrit: सहस्रार, Sahasrāra) Crown Chakra (Top of the head; ‘Soft spot’ of a newborn)

Chakras in the head from lowest to highest are: golata, talu/talana/lalana, ajna, talata/lalata, manas, soma, sahasrara (and sri inside it.)

Chakra position in body

hi dear one,

Language Family

 

Aryan

   
 

Armenian

   
 

Albanian

   
 

Balto-Slavic

   
 

Keltic

   
 

Italic

   
 

Hellenic

   
 

Teutonic

   
 

Tokharian

   

Aryan

 

Indian

Iranian

 

Vedic

Classical
Sanskrit

Prakrit

Avesta

Iranian or
Persian

 

Balto-Slavic

 

Old Slavic

Baltic

 

Russian

Polish

Lithuanian

Czech

Bulgarian

Lettish

 

Keltic

 

Gaelic

Brittanic

 

Italic

 

Latin

 

French

Italian

Spanish

Portuguese

Romanian

 

Hellenic

 

Greek

 

Teutonic

 

East Teutonic

West Teutonic

 

East Teutonic

 

Scandinavian

Gothic  

West Norse

East Norse

 

Swedish Danish

Icelandic

 
 

Norwegian

 

West Teutonic

     

High German

Middle German Low German  

Frisian

Anglo-Saxon

 

Modern German

Old Frankish  
 

Mid English

 

Yiddish

Dutch Flemish  
 

Modern English

 
                                           

hi dear ones,

Structure of state of INDIA

India, also known as Bharat, is a Union of States. It is a Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950.

The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with certain unitary features. The constitutional head of the Executive of the Union is the President. As per Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the council of the Parliament of the Union consists of the President and two Houses known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his functions in accordance to the advice. The real executive power is thus vested in the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head.

The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the House of the People (Lok Sabha). Every State has a Legislative Assembly. Certain States have an upper House also called State Legislative Council. There is a Governor for each state who is appointed by the President. Governor is the Head of the State and the executive power of the State is vested in him. The Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head advises the Governor in the discharge of the executive functions. The Council of the Ministers of a state is collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.

The Constitution distributes legislative powers between Parliament and State legislatures as per the lists of entries in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution. The residuary powers vest in the Parliament. The centrally administered territories are called Union Territories.

Politocal Map of INDIA

Government of states

    * Governor

    * Vidhan Sabha

    * Vidhan Parishad

    * Zilla Parishad

    * Panchayati Raj

India's nationa Emblem and Flag

                           

 

 

Hierarchy of Government

                               Union of India

                                      |

     ——————————————————————-

     |                                                                 |

  States                                                     Union Territories

     |                                                                 |

     ——————————————————————-

                                      |

                                  Divisions

                                      |

                                  Districts

                                      |

     ——————————————————————

     |                    |                      |                    |

  Blocks      Municipal Corporations      Municipalities       City Councils

 (Tehsils)      (Maha-Nagar-Palika)       (Nagar-Palika)     (Nagar-Panchayat)

     |                    |                      |                    |

     |                    ———————————————

     |                                           |

  Villages                                     Wards

(Graam/Gau’n)

hi dear ones,

ASTRA

. An Astra is a missile-type weapon which is to be hurled at an enemy. Examples include arrows from bows. A Shastra is a personal weapon, like swords and maces, which must be constantly operated by the warrior.

  • Brahmadanda  : This is the most powerful weapon in the universe.It contained the spiritual power of the 7 greatest sages of Hinduism.

No other weapon in the universe be it the Brahmastra,Pashupatastra,Brahmasira, Amoghashakti,Vajra, Narayanastra, Vaishnavastra or even the Sudarshana Chakra can hold cradle to it. This astra is the most powerful weapon of Lord Brahma.

  • Narayanastra: the personal missile weapon of Vishnu in his Narayana form, this astra lets loose a powerful tirade of millions of deadly missiles simultaneously. The intensity of the shower increases with resistance. The only solution is total submission before the missile, given which it will stop. The Narayanastra was first used by Lord Rama in the ‘Ramayana’. Then, thousands of years later, this astra was again used by Ashwatthama in the Mahabharata war against the Pandava army.
  • Vaishnavastra: the personal missile weapon of Vishnu, once fired it cannot be thwarted by any means, save by the will of Vishnu Himself. This astra was used by King Bhagadatta ,son of Narakasura and king of Pragjyotsa (modern day Burma)in the Mahabharata war against Arjuna.This Vaisnhavastra was stopped by Shri Krishna himself as Arjun couldn’t stop it even with his most powerful weapons.
  • Kaumodaki: the divine mace weapon of Vishnu; invincible and without parallel.
  • Sudarshana Chakra: the magical chakra, a spinning discus with sharp outer spears. The Sudarshan flies at the command of Vishnu, spinning away to tear off the heads of His opponents, or to perform any function desired by Vishnu. It was most famously used by His Avatar Krishna in the Mahabharata.
  • Nandaki: The Sword of Lord Vishnu.
  • Saranga: The Celestial Bow of Lord Vishnu.
  • Pashupata: It is believed in Hindu mythology that Pashupatastra is one of the most devastating weapon as it weapon of Godhead Mahadeva.Mahadeva literally means “Highest of all god”. The weapon granted to Arjuna by Lord Shiva is one of the most destructive & forbidden weapon in The Mahabharata. It is said to have the power to change the course of Creation and Destruction However Arjuna used this weapon in the Mahabharata war only once for killing Jayadratha as the Sindhu king had obtained a boon from Lord Shiva that he(Jayadratha) could be killed only by the Pashupatastra . Discharged by the mind, eyes, words or a bow, the Pashupata is the irresistible and most destructive personal weapon of Shiva. Never to be used against lesser enemies and by lesser warriors, the Pashupata is capable of destroying creation and vanquishing all beings.
  • Trishula: the terrifying trident-staff of Shiva
  • Pinak: the bow of Shiva
  • Brahmashir Astra: a weapon capable of greater destruction than the Brahmastra.It is said to be evolution of Brahmastra .It can burn all creation to ashes once discharged. Gifted by Brahma
  • Brahmastra: imbibed with the mystical force of Creator Brahma, this is considered the most fearsome weapon in mythological works. The releaser of millions of missiles, great fires and a destructive potential capable of extinguishing all creation, if not used by and aimed only at a celestial fighter. Modern speculation has equated its destructive nature to be similar to that of a nuclear weapon.
  • Nagastra: The snake weapon, used by Karna against Arjuna in Kurukshetra war. It is considered as next only to Brahmastra. It has fame that it never misses its target.
  • Shakti: the magical dart weapon of Indra, unfailing at executing its target. Indra granted it to Karna during the Kurukshetra war. The Mahabharata also refers to it as the Amoghastra.
  • Vajra: the thunderbolt weapon of Indra, who is the God of Thunder and Lightning, akin to Zeus and Jupiter in Greek and Roman mythology.
  • Agniyastra: the fire weapon, incepted by God Agni, master of the flames.
  • Varunastra: the water weapon, incepted by God Varuna, master of the oceans, rivers and lakes.
  • Vayavastra: the wind weapon, incepted by God Vayu, master of wind.

Although the power Astras are said to be capable of destructing creation they did not harm Krishna or Vishnu or Shiva or Brahma. Because all of them are the Avatar of God.

Arranged in the tabloid form as follows:

Astras

The following are Astras mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata:

Astra Deity Effect
Aindraastra Indra, god of weather Would bring about a ‘shower’ of arrows from the sky.
Agneyastra Agni, god of fire The weapon discharged would emit flames inextinguishable through normal means.
Varunaastra Varuna, god of water The weapon discharged would release torrential volumes of water. This weapon is commonly mentioned as used to counter the Agneyastra.
Nagaastra The Nagas The weapon would have an inerring aim and take on the form of a snake, proving deadly upon impact.
Nagapaasha The Nagas Upon impact, this weapon would bind the target in coils of living venomous snakes.(in the Ramayana, it was used against Lord Rama and Lakshmana by Indrajit)
Vayvayaastra Vayu, god of wind Bring about a gale capable of lifting armies off the ground.
Suryastra Surya, god of the sun Create a dazzling light that would dispel any darkness about.
Vajra Indra, god of weather Target would be struck with bolts of lightning (vajra referring to Indra’s thunderbolt).
Mohini Mohini, an avatar of Vishnu Dispel any form of maya or sorcery in the vicinity.
Twashtar Twashtri, the heavenly builder When used against a group of opponents (such as an army), would cause them to mistake each other for enemies and fight each other.
Sammohana/Pramohana   Would cause entire hosts/armies to collapse in a trance.
Parvataastra   Would cause a Parvata/mountain to fall on the target from the skies.
Brahmaastra Brahma, the Creator Would destroy entire hosts at once. Could also counter most other astras.
Brahmasirsha Brahma, the Creator Capable of killing devas. Was used by Ashwatthama on Parikshit. It is thought that the Brahmasirsha is the evolution of the Brahmastra
Narayanastra Vishnu, the Preserver Would create showers of arrows and discs. The astra’s power would increase with the resistance offered to it. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly, and could be used only once. If the user were to attempt invoking it a second time, it would rebound on him, and possibly, his troops.
Vaishnavaastra Vishnu, the Preserver Would destroy target completely, irrespective of target’s nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly.
Pashupatastra Shiva, the Destroyer Would destroy target completely, irrespective of target’s nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Shiva directly.

Something of Modern Times…………..

Only seven years after the first successful atom bomb blast in New Mexico, Dr. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) Scientist, philosopher, bohemian, and radical. A theoretical physicist and the Supervising Scientist of the Manhattan Project, who was familiar with ancient Sanskrit literature, were giving a lecture at Rochester University. During the question and answer period a student asked a question to which Oppenheimer gave a strangely qualified answer:

  Student: Was the bomb exploded at Alamogordo during the Manhattan Project the first one to be detonated?Dr. Oppenheimer: “Well — yes. In modern times, of course.

Charles Berlitz (Charles Frambach Berlitz (November 20, 1914 – December 18, 2003) was a linguist and language teacher known for his books on anomalous phenomena, as well as his language-learning courses) goes on to quote a number of passages from the Mahabharata that describe the impact of a weapon that I suspect must be the brahmaastra, although he neither names the weapon nor cites those sections of the text from which his quotations are drawn (he lists Protap Chandra Roy‘s translation of 1889 in his bibliography):

The Warrior

a single projectile Charged with all the power of the Universe. 

An incandescent column of smoke and flame As bright as ten thousand Suns Rose in all its splendor……it was an unknown weapon, An iron thunderbolt, A gigantic messenger of death, Which reduced to ashes. The Entire race of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas….the corpses were so burned As to be unrecognizable. Their hair and nails fell out; Pottery broke without apparent cause, And the birds turned white. After a few hours all foodstuffs were infected……To escape from this fire. The soldiers threw themselves in streams to wash themselves and their equipment…

SFOT ......................the Explosion

One is reminded of the yet unknown final effect of a super-bomb when we read in the Ramayana of a projectile:
So powerful that it could destroy 

The earth in an instant -
A great soaring sound in smoke and flames…
And on it sits Death…

Sanhar..............THE END

 

hi dear ones,

Missile design

 Ballistic Missile

A ballistic missile is a missile that follows a sub-orbital ballistic flight path with the objective of delivering one or more warheads (often nuclear) to a predetermined target. The missile is only guided during the relatively brief initial powered phase of flight and its course is subsequently governed by the laws of orbital mechanics and ballistics. To date, ballistic missiles have been propelled during powered flight by chemical rocket engines of various types.

Missile types                        

types of missiles

Ballistic missiles can vary widely in range and use, and are often divided into categories based on range. Various schemes are used by different countries to categorize the ranges of ballistic missiles:

Short- and medium-range missiles are often collectively referred to as theater or tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs). Long and medium-range ballistic missiles are generally designed to deliver nuclear weapons because their payload is too limited for conventional explosives to be efficient (though the U.S. may be evaluating the idea of a conventionally-armed ICBM for near-instant global air strike capability despite the high costs).

 The flight phases are like those for ICBMs, except with no exo-atmospheric phase for missiles with ranges less than about 350 km.

ballistic-missile-trajectory

Quasi ballistic missiles

A quasi ballistic missile (also called a semi ballistic missile) is a category of missile that has a low trajectory and/or is largely ballistic but can perform maneuvers in flight or make unexpected changes in direction and range.

At a lower trajectory than a ballistic missile, a quasi ballistic missile can maintain higher speed, thus allowing its target less time to react to the attack, at the cost of reduced range.

 A cruise missile is a guided missile that carries an explosive payload and uses a lifting wing and a propulsion system, usually a jet engine, to allow sustained flight; it is essentially a flying bomb. Cruise missiles are generally designed to carry a large conventional or nuclear warhead many hundreds of kilometers with high accuracy. Modern cruise missiles can travel at supersonic or high subsonic speeds, are self-navigating, and fly on a non-ballistic very low altitude trajectory to avoid radar detection.

Cruise missiles are distinct from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in that they are used only as weapons and not for reconnaissance, the warhead is integrated into the vehicle, and the vehicle is always sacrificed in the mission.

Cruise Missile

General design

Cruise missiles generally consist of a guidance system, payload, and propulsion system, housed in an airframe with small wings and empennage for flight control. Payloads usually consist of a conventional warhead or a nuclear warhead. Cruise missiles tend to be propelled by a jet engine, turbofan engines being preferred due to their greater efficiency at low altitude and sub-sonic speed.

 Guidance systems

Guidance systems also vary greatly. Low-cost systems use a radar altimeter, barometric altimeter and clock to navigate a digital strip map. More advanced systems use inertial guidance, satellite navigation and terrain contour matching (TERCOM). Use of an automatic target recognition (ATR) algorithm/device in the guidance system increases accuracy of the missile. The Standoff Land Attack Missile features an ATR unit from General Electric.

 Categories

Cruise missiles can be categorized by size, speed (subsonic or supersonic), and range, and whether launched from land, air, surface ship, or submarine. Often versions of the same missile are produced for different launch platforms; sometimes air- and submarine-launched versions are a little lighter and smaller than land- and ship-launched versions.

Ever ready to defend & Protect !!

Anti-ballistic missile

Destroy them !!!

An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a missile designed to counter ballistic missiles (a missile for missile defense). A ballistic missile is used to deliver nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional warheads in a ballistic flight trajectory. The term “anti-ballistic missile” describes any antimissile system designed to counter ballistic missiles. However the term is used more commonly for ABM systems designed to counter long range, nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

Intercept and Destroy it !!

 

This is how .............

hi dear ones,

Here are some observations.

Female shapes

Independent of fat percentage, weight or width, female body shapes are categorized into one of four elementary geometric shapes, though there are very wide ranges of actual sizes within each shape:

Apple (triangle downward)

Apple shaped women have broader shoulders and bust, and narrower hips. Apple shaped women have (much) higher androgen levels compared to women with other body types. Because of this high androgen level, the skeleton develops in a masculine pattern. Fat is mainly distributed in the chest, face and abdomen.

Banana or straight (rectangular)

The waist measurement is less than 9 inches smaller than the hips or bust measurement. The body has a relatively high androgen level compared to the estrogen level, and this causes the skeleton to develop in a more masculine pattern and body fat to be distributed predominantly in the abdomen, buttocks, chest and face.

Pear or spoon or bell (triangle upward)

The hip measurement is greater than the bust measurement. The distribution of fat varies, with fat tending to deposit first in the buttocks, hips and thighs. As body fat percentage increases, an increasing proportion of body fat is distributed around the waist and upper abdomen.

Hourglass shape (triangles opposing, facing in)

The hip and bust are almost of equal size with a narrow waist. Body fat distribution tends to be around both the upper body and lower body. This body type enlarges the arms, chest, hips and rear before other parts, including waist and upper abdomen

 

Most famous female shapes

hi dear ones,

 Love is divine . It needs no language to express .

But a littlle this & that always come handy (handy.. u know what I mean. huh …).

i love you !!!

English – I love you

Afrikaans – Ek het jou lief

Albanian – Te dua

Arabic – Ana behibak (to male)

Arabic – Ana behibek (to female)

Armenian – Yes kez sirumen

Bambara – M’bi fe

Bangla – Aamee tuma ke bhalo aashi

Belarusian – Ya tabe kahayu

Bisaya – Nahigugma ako kanimo

Bulgarian – Obicham te

Cambodian – Soro lahn nhee ah

Cantonese Chinese – Ngo oiy ney a

Catalan – T’estimo

Cheyenne – Ne mohotatse

Chichewa – Ndimakukonda

Corsican – Ti tengu caru (to male)

Creol – Mi aime jou

Croatian – Volim te

Czech – Miluji te

Danish – Jeg Elsker Dig

Dutch – Ik hou van jou

Esperanto – Mi amas vin

Estonian – Ma armastan sind

Ethiopian – Afgreki’

Faroese – Eg elski teg

Farsi – Doset daram

Filipino – Mahal kita

Finnish – Mina rakastan sinua

French – Je t’aime, Je t’adore

Frisian – Ik hâld fan dy

Gaelic – Ta gra agam ort

Georgian – Mikvarhar

German – Ich liebe dich

Greek – S’agapo

Gujarati – Hoo thunay prem karoo choo

Hiligaynon – Palangga ko ikaw

Hawaiian – Aloha wau ia oi

Hebrew – Ani ohev otah (to female)

Hebrew – Ani ohev et otha (to male)

Hiligaynon – Guina higugma ko ikaw

Hindi – Hum Tumhe Pyar Karte hae

Hmong – Kuv hlub koj

Hopi – Nu’ umi unangwa’ta

Hungarian – Szeretlek

Icelandic – Eg elska tig

Ilonggo – Palangga ko ikaw

Indonesian – Saya cinta padamu

Inuit – Negligevapse

Irish – Taim i’ ngra leat

Italian – Ti amo

Japanese – Aishiteru

Kannada – Naanu ninna preetisuttene

Kapampangan – Kaluguran daka

Kiswahili – Nakupenda

Konkani – Tu magel moga cho

Korean – Sarang Heyo

Latin – Te amo

Latvian – Es tevi miilu

Lebanese – Bahibak

Lithuanian – Tave myliu

Malay – Saya cintakan mu / Aku cinta padamu

Malayalam – Njan Ninne Premikunnu

Mandarin Chinese – Wo ai ni

Marathi – Me tula prem karto

Mohawk – Kanbhik

Moroccan – Ana moajaba bik

Nahuatl – Ni mits neki

Navaho – Ayor anosh’ni

Norwegian – Jeg Elsker Deg

Pandacan – Syota na kita!!

Pangasinan – Inaru Taka

Papiamento – Mi ta stimabo

Persian – Doo-set daaram

Pig Latin – Iay ovlay ouyay

Polish – Kocham Ciebie

Portuguese – Eu te amo

Romanian – Te iubesc

Russian – Ya tebya liubliu

Scot Gaelic – Tha gra\dh agam ort

Serbian – Volim te

Setswana – Ke a go rata

Sign Language – ,\,,/ (represents position of fingers when signing ‘I Love You’)

Sindhi – Maa tokhe pyar kendo ahyan

Sioux – Techihhila

Slovak – Lu`bim ta

Slovenian – Ljubim te

Spanish – Te quiero / Te amo

Swahili – Ninapenda wewe

Swedish – Jag alskar dig

Swiss-German – Ich lieb Di

Tagalog – Mahal kita

Taiwanese – Wa ga ei li

Tahitian – Ua Here Vau Ia Oe

Tamil – Nan unnai kathalikaraen

Telugu – Nenu ninnu premistunnanu

Thai – Chan rak khun (to male)

Thai – Phom rak khun (to female)

Turkish – Seni Seviyorum

Ukrainian – Ya tebe kahayu

Urdu – mai aap say pyaar karta hoo

Vietnamese – Anh ye^u em (to female)

Vietnamese – Em ye^u anh (to male)

Welsh – ‘Rwy’n dy garu di

Yiddish – Ikh hob dikh

Yoruba – Mo ni fe

 

Ohh !! I LUV U !!!

hi dear ones,

IN-secure system calls ME !!!!

Outlaws   of   Technology    !!!!!

                         Hacker & Cracker

In order to study the comparison the between the hackers and crackers, it is important to understand the respective definitions. While apparently the words hacking and cracking seems synonymous, yet there exist certain points of distinctions between the two and the meaning of the words will always be heated topics of debate.

Since the very dawn of the civilization, man’s hunger to attain the unattainable have went on opening new horizons in almost every aspects of life, and the technology is of no exception to this nature of human.

Aims of Hackers and Crackers                    The computer hackers actually trespass or circumvent artistically, yet scientifically into the other computer system with a hunger to know the programmable systems, how they perform and their internal structures, while cracking is slight different in sense. Cracking means to break off the computer’s security system. This is a subject matter of hard-core science with an aesthetic undertone of artistic skill that has attracted a few millions of teenagers and young adults all over the world.

hacker

Who Is A Hacker And What Is His Aim?

Delving deep into the concepts, we can compare the hackers and crackers. A hacker is a person who commits the fraudulent act or the penal offense of exploring into the other computers in order to know the details of the programmable system and how they work. On the other level, a cracker is a person just more secretive as compared to the hacker. The cracker breaks through the system’s security and proves to be far more dangerous than the hackers who just quench his or her thirst by simply discovering the workings of a system.

Hence the crackers can potentially be much more perilous as compared to the hackers. While it is often believed that the hacking is simply exploring into the other computer system with an intention to know how the programmable system works, which is not a fraudulent task unless any sort of vandalism and theft is done by this, another huge section stands strictly against the view and look at the act from the view point of a crime.

Who is A Cracker and What Is His Aim?  cracker

  A cracker is a technical person who has mastered the art of breaking systems, often not for acquiring knowledge, by the dint of few programs and softwares used as tools. They are more interested in the system’s security without the need of great deal of knowledge, thereby not benefiting much.

On the other hand, a hacker who cracks and hacks systems is not only interested in breaking the security of the system but also in knowing about the system’s details, by which he gains much more than by simply cracking systems. Unlike a cracker, a hacker generally does not have intention destroy data maliciously or to steel things.

A cracker who is often termed to be a cyber burglar brings out significant harm to the network or steels the information like passwords or credit card numbers. A Trojan is capable enough to recognize and record even every single keystroke that you make. Hence even if you do not store any personal or financial records in your system, the hackers can still be able to obtain the information by recognizing the keystrokes.

hi dear ones,

Intelligence cycle management
   
Intelligence
collection
management
HUMINT/
Human Intelligence
Clandestine HUMINT (recruiting · operational techniques · Covert action · Direct action · Clandestine cell system)
Special reconnaissance (organizations)
Espionage (Agent handling · Black bag operation · Concealment device · Cryptography · Cut-out · Dead drop · Eavesdropping · False flag operations · Honeypot · Non-official cover · Interrogation · Numbers messaging · One-way voice link · Steganography · Surveillance)
   
SIGINT/
Signals Intelligence
SIGINT by Alliances, Nations and Industries · SIGINT Operational Platforms by Nation

 · SIGINT in Modern History 

· TEMPEST 

· Direction finding 

· Traffic analysis

   
MASINT/
Measurement and
Signature Intelligence
Electro-optical · Nuclear 

· Geophysical 

· Radar

 · Radiofrequency 

· Materials 

· Casualty estimation

   
Others OSINT/Open Source Intelligence · IMINT/Imagery Intelligence 

· GEOINT/Geospatial Intelligence 

· FININT/Financial Intelligence 

· TECHINT/Technical intelligence

 

   
Intelligence
analysis
management
Intelligence analysis · Cognitive traps for intelligence analysis · Words of Estimative Probability · Analysis of Competing Hypotheses 

· Intelligence cycle (target-centric approach)

   
Intelligence
dissemination
management
Intelligence cycle security · Counter-intelligence · Counter-intelligence and counter-terrorism organizations 

· List of counterintelligence organizations · Counterintelligence failures

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